Collection Description

Culture Name

Arab Canadians

Culture Description

Arab Canadians are first-generation Christian or Muslim Arabic-speaking immigrants and their descendants who originally came from the Arab world and have roots in the 1400-year-old Arabic culture. The largest communities are found in major cities, such as Montreal and Toronto. For historical, religious, and political reasons, some immigrants may identify themselves according to their country of origin. Immigration was marked by two waves: an early wave beginning in the 1880s of largely Lebanese and Syrian Christians, and a second wave in the 1960s and 1970s from throughout the Arab world.


Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.


North America --Regional and Ethnic Cultures



OWC Code


Number of Documents


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Number of Pages


Collection Overview

Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF collection and are referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.

There are five documents in the Arab Canadian file. The two major works cover the immigrant history, assimilation, and acculturation of Arab Canadians in Canada (Abu-Laban 1980, no. 1) and Lebanese and Syrian Canadians in Nova Scotia (Jabbra 1984, no. 2). Three shorter articles examine the changes in Lebanese-Canadian households and families (Jabbra 1991, no. 4), the persistence of traditional customs in an Edmonton, Alberta Druse community (Sweet 1974, no. 5), and a Lebanese community in Lac La Biche, Alberta (Barclay 1968, no. 3). For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in the file, see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.

The culture summary and synopsis were written by Ian Skoggard in July, 1998.

Levantine ethic--157, 443, 472


MAHRAJAN--summer festival, picnic--527

ZAGAL (ZAJAL)--poetry--533, 5310

CLS (Canadian Lebanon Society)--575


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