The Basseri are a pastoral nomadic people living around Shiraz, capital of the Iranian province of Fars, in land that stretches between deserts in the south to high mountain ranges in the north. The Basseri raise sheep, goats, camels and donkeys, taking them through scheduled seasonal migrations. Most Basseri speak a dialect of Farsi widely spoken in Shiraz town. The Basseri consider themselves a separate group, despite sharing language and cultural features with neighboring groups. Basseri life is described largely as of the 1950s when the supreme chief of the tribe was politically autonomous.
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Middle East --Middle East
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Documents referred to in this section are included in the eHRAF World Cultures and referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.
In addition to this culture summary, the Basseri collection consists of two anthropological studies, both of them in English language, by Fredrik Barth. The first one is a book published in 1961 based on ethnographic materials collected in the period December 1957 to July 1958 while the author was living with the Danbar tribal section of Basseri. The book describes and analyses Basseri social and economic organization in terms of a general ecological perspective. The focus in on the processes through which the Basseri organized nomadic herding and related to one another as members of different households, herding units, camps, lineages (oulad) and tribal sections (tira). The second document is a 1964 article that discusses the nature of Basseri pastoral economy and its implications for social structure. Together, these documents provide a first hand account and analysis of Basseri economy and social organization, but contain very little information on arts, language, medicine, death and afterlife.
CAMPS – use COMMUNITY STRUCTURE (621)
CAMP LEADERS – use COMMUNITY HEADS (622)
IL (tribe) – use TRIBE AND NATION (619)
OULAD (lineage group) – use LINEAGES (613)
TIRA (tribal section) – use LINEAGES (613)
TRIBE CHIEF – use CHIEF EXECUTIVE (643)