Slovenes are Slavic people living in Slovenia, an independent state that was formerly the northwesternmost republic of Yugoslavia. The largest part of Slovenia is mountainous. Slovenia is highly industrialized and only a minority of the population is involved in agriculture, animal husbandry, and forestry. Slovenes are mainly Roman Catholic.
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Europe --Southeastern Europe
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Documents referred to in this section are included in this eHRAF collection and are referenced by author, date of publication, and eHRAF document number.
The Slovenes file consists of three English works. Two are ethnographies on Slovene peasant society and based largely on fieldwork carried out in the 1960s and 70s (Winner 1971, no. 1; Minnich 1979, no. 3). The third work summarizes in English a Yugoslavian study of a suburban working class community outside of the Slovene capital of Ljubljana (Kremensek 1983, no. 2). Minnich's study is the most narrowly focussed, but theoretically sophisticated, work on the social reproduction of peasant farmsteads. Winner's study is a more comprehensive look at the persistence of Slovene peasant culture and society from the 1840s on. Krememsek's article is a review of a much more complete study of the cultural and social changes within a suburban community between the 1850s and 1970s. For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in this file, see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.
This culture summary is from the article, "Slovenes," by Irene Portis-Winner in the Encyclopedia of World Cultures, Vol. 4. 1992. Linda A. Bennett, ed. Boston, Mass.: G. K. Hall & Co. Information on population and political organization was updated and the synopsis and indexing notes were prepared by Ian Skoggard, June 1996. We thank Gerald Creed for suggestions regarding possible sources to include in this file.
ARONDACIJA -- enclosures carried out by agricultural collectives -- categories 423 and 425.
BAJTAR -- a cottage/cottager -- category 592
DOMACA GRUDA -- "home ground," the nuclear family farmstead, -- categories 592, 241 and 594
FUREZ -- a household sponsored pigsticking celebration and feast -- categories 231, 527, 574 and 788
GOSPODAR -- a male head of household -- category 592
KOMBINAT -- an agricultural collective -- categories 474 and 241
KMET -- a peasant-farmer -- categories 592 and 241
KMETIJA -- a traditional peasant holding -- categories 423 and 592
OBCINA -- a commune in the postwar collective period (until 1953); afterwards, a town-level administrative unit -- category 632
ZEMLJA(K) -- land unit of approximately 60 acres, which traditionally supported one peasant family -- categories 423 and 592
ZUPAN -- elected elder of a patrilineal settlement -- category 622