Collection Description

Culture Name

Tibetans

Culture Description

The Tibetans are a farming and herding people who settled the high plateau region of southwestern China around 13,000 years ago. The first kingdoms appeared around 400 AD and a centralized dynasty in the seventh century. The major religion, Tibetan Buddhism, is a syncretic mix of Indian Buddhism, Tantrism, and the local pantheistic religion. For 300 years prior to 1950, the government was headed by a Buddhist monk, the Dalai Lama. After 1950, Tibet was incorporated into the People's Republic of China as the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR).

Note

Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.

Region

Asia --Central Asia

Countries

China

OWC Code

AJ01

Number of Documents

24

Note: Select the Collection Documents tab above to browse documents.

Number of Pages

3527

Collection Overview

Documents referred to in this section are included in eHRAF World Cultures and are referenced by author, date of publication and eHRAF document number.

The earliest documents are by Bell, a British government official who served in the region from 1904 to 1921. He wrote about Tibetan life and culture (1928, document no. 3) and Tibetan Buddhism (1931, no. 4). Hermanns (1948, no. 7) was a Catholic missionary who wrote an ethnography on Tibetans in Qinghai Province with a focus on animal husbandry. Shen (1953, no. 1) is a Chinese government official living in Lhasa before 1949 and writes about the Ge Lu Pa sect of Buddhism. Peter (1963, no. 24) and Goldstein (1971, no. 36) write about marriage. Goldstein also writes about serfdom (1986, no. 31), Chinese-Tibet relations between 1949 and 1996 (1998, no. 28), Buddhism under Communism (1998, no. 29), and the post-collectivization era and reforms in western Tibet (1990, no. 27; 1991, no. 32). Levine (1999, no. 33) and Yeh (2004, no. 35) also write about decollectivization among Tibetans living in western Sichuan Province and outside Lhasa, respectively. French (1995, no. 37) writes about Tibetan law.

Overview by

Ian Skoggard

CCP—Chinese Communist Party - use "INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (648)" and/or "POLITICAL MOVEMENTS (668)"

Commune - use "COOPERATIVE ORGANIZATION (474)"

Cooperatives- use "COOPERATIVE ORGANIZATION (474)" and/or "POLITICAL MOVEMENTS (668)"

Dalai Lama—political and religious ruler- use "CHIEF EXECUTIVE (643)" and/or "PROPHETS AND ASCETICS (792)"

Democratic Management Committee (DMC) - use "POLITICAL MOVEMENTS (668)" with "PROPHETS AND ASCETICS (792)"

düjung—serfs with use rights to individual small plots of land - use "SERFDOM AND PEONAGE (566)"

 duwa—monastic rules - use "PURIFICATION AND ATONEMENT (783)" with "PROPHETS AND ASCETICS (792)"

 

dzug—administrative unit of several nomadic families - use "TOWNS (632)" and/or "HOUSEHOLD (592)"

Exile government - use "EXTERNAL MIGRATION (167)"

gerba—aristocratic lords - use "SERFDOM AND PEONAGE (566)"

Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (GPCR) - use "INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (648)" with "POLITICAL MOVEMENTS (668)"

Household Responsibility System—decollectivization - use "INDIVIDUAL ENTERPRISE (472)" with "POLITICAL MOVEMENTS (668)"

Lhasa Uprising - use "REVOLUTION (669)"

lokbar—basic sheep skin garment - use "NORMAL GARB (291)"

mibo—human lease - use "LABOR RELATIONS (466)"

miser (misey)—serf - use "SERFDOM AND PEONAGE (566)"

Nirvana - use "COSMOLOGY (772)" with "ESCHATOLOGY (775)"

Overgrazing - use "PASTORAL ACTIVITIES (233)" with "ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (318)"

Potala Palace - use "PUBLIC STRUCTURES (344)" and/or "RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL STRUCTURES (346)" and/or "EXECUTIVE HOUSEHOLD (644)"

sho—yoghurt - use "DAIRYING (234)"

treba—serfs with inheritable use rights to corporate land - use "SERFDOM AND PEONAGE (566)" with "LINEAGES (613)"

tshethar—"sparing a life" - use "PURIFICATION AND ATONEMENT (783)"

tshowa—clan - use "SIBS (614)"

Yak - use "DOMESTICATED ANIMALS (231)" and/or "PASTORAL ACTIVITIES (233)"

Indexing Notes by

Ian Skoggard

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