Collection Description

Culture Name


Culture Description

The Austronesian-speaking Atayal live across the north-central region of Taiwan. Originally inhabiting mountain areas above a thousand meters where they practiced swidden horticulture, many communities were resettled to coastal lowland regions where they now practice wet rice cultivation. Social and territorial organization is based on sharing and participating in customary behaviors that are connected to religious beliefs and practices centered on ancestral spirits.


Select the Culture Summary link above for a longer description of the culture.


Asia --East Asia



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Collection Overview

Documents referred to in this section are included in eHRAF World Cultures and are referenced by author, date of publication, and title where necessary.

Overviews of the Atayal are found in Beauclair (1956), LeBar (1975), and Rui et al. (1955). Other documents provide specific foci on kinship (Rui 1950), tourism (Hsieh 1994), weaving (Nettleship 1978), customary law (Sheu and Huang 2014) and on the colonial encounter and assimilation (Nettleship 1970).

For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in this collection see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.

Overview by

Ian Skoggard

Gaga – norms and beliefs, custom, tradition, ritual, social group or community – use "NORMS (183)"; or use "RITUAL (788)"; or use "COMMUNITY STRUCTURE (621)"

Qotox gaga – group practicing a common gaga heritage, ritual group

Qotox gamil – see qutux gamin

Qutux gaga – see Qotox gaga

Qutux gamin – “one root” – unilineal descent group, exogamous group

Qutux nekis – "one ancestor" – ancestral lineage

Rutux – see utux

Utux – spirit, including ancestral spirits and ghosts – use "ESCHATOLOGY (775)" and/or "SPIRITS AND GODS (776)"

Indexing Notes by

Ian Skoggard

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