The Austronesian-speaking Atayal live across the north-central region of Taiwan. Originally inhabiting mountain areas above a thousand meters where they practiced swidden horticulture, many communities were resettled to coastal lowland regions where they now practice wet rice cultivation. Social and territorial organization is based on sharing and participating in customary behaviors that are connected to religious beliefs and practices centered on ancestral spirits.
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Asia --East Asia
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Documents referred to in this section are included in eHRAF World Cultures and are referenced by author, date of publication, and title where necessary.
Overviews of the Atayal are found in Beauclair (1956), LeBar (1975), and Rui et al. (1955). Other documents provide specific foci on kinship (Rui 1950), tourism (Hsieh 1994), weaving (Nettleship 1978), customary law (Sheu and Huang 2014) and on the colonial encounter and assimilation (Nettleship 1970).
For more detailed information on the content of the individual works in this collection see the abstracts in the citations preceding each document.