Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Carrier, James G.
Carrier, Achsah H.
Wage, trade, and exchange in Melanesia: a Manus society in the
Published By: Original publisher
Berkeley: University of California Press. 1989. xvii, 257
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
James G. Carrier and Achsah H. Carrier
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Sociocultural trends (178);
Real property (423);
Gift giving (431);
Internal trade (438);
Retail marketing (443);
Kin relationships (602);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
Ponam is a small island off the north coast of Manus
Island, Papua, New Guinea. In the late 1970s, the inhabitants of this island found a
relatively prosperous economic niche for themselves, in contrast to the standards of many
villages in Papua, New Guinea, based on the ability of the islanders to do well in school
and use their educational credentials to get well-paying off-island jobs, primarily with
the civil service. As the result of these jobs the migrants were able to send enough money
home to their families so that the island residents were able to buy both the necessities
and a number of the minor luxuries of life (p. xi). Despite their improved standards of
living, many aspects of life on the island remained relatively unchanged, such as fishing,
marketing, and ceremonial exchange, primarily in the form of gifts to mark the stages of
marriage, birth, death, and a host of other less momentous occasions. All of the above
aspects of Ponam ethnography are examined in great detail in this monograph.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-253) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 2004
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Ponam Island, Manus Province, Papua New
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Manus (Papua New Guinea people)