Carrier, James G.. Wage, trade, and exchange in Melanesia: a Manus society in the modern state

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Introduction The Problem Of Persistence—precolonial Forms In Postcolonial Life

Village And Town: The Articulation Model

1 Ponam Island, Manus Province

Ponam And Manus

Ponam Social Organization

Land Tenure

Division Of Labor And Relations Between The Sexes

2 History Of Ponam Island

Historical Sources

The Economy Of Early Colonial Manus

Affinal Exchange In Early Colonial Manus

Early Colonial History

Reorientation And Dependence

Continuity And Change

3 Local Production: Ponam Fishing

Ponam Fishing Techniques

Social Practices Of Fishing

Shell Money

Marine Tenure

Reef And Sea Tenure

Countervailing Marine Rights: Species Of Fish

Countervailing Marine Rights: Fishing Techniques

Individual Fishing Techniques

Collective Fishing Techniques

Fishing Rights And Social Structure

Commercial Fishing And Social Structure

Ownership And Economic Returns In Collective Net Fishing

Fishing Ownership, Exchange, And Social Identity

4 Local Circulation: Ponam Trade

Island Trade Stories

The Provincial Market

Local Market Trade

Changes In Trade Relations

Trade Partnerships

Ambiguity In Trade And Exchange

Free Market Trade

Internal And External Transactions

5 Migration And Remittance

Ponam Migration

Migrants And Residents

Education And Migration

Family, Gender, And Paths To Migration

Ideology And Belief, Migration And Remittance

Parental Beliefs About Education

Beliefs About Proper Filial Behavior

Beliefs About The Precarious State Of Ponam

Employment And Motivation To Remit

Migration And Remittance Dependence

6 Internal Exchange

Ceremonial Exchange

Exchange And Remittance

Exchange And Redistribution

Lesser Exchanges

Migration, Remittance, And Ceremonial Exchange

7 Conclusions: Colonization, Articulation, And The Evolution Of Ponam Society

Articulation

Articulation From A Village Perspective

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Wage, trade, and exchange in Melanesia: a Manus society in the modern state

Published By: Original publisher Berkeley: University of California Press. 1989. xvii, 257 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication James G. Carrier and Achsah H. Carrier

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Manus (OM06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Fishing (226); Real property (423); Gift giving (431); Internal trade (438); Retail marketing (443); Kin relationships (602); Lineages (613);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Ponam is a small island off the north coast of Manus Island, Papua, New Guinea. In the late 1970s, the inhabitants of this island found a relatively prosperous economic niche for themselves, in contrast to the standards of many villages in Papua, New Guinea, based on the ability of the islanders to do well in school and use their educational credentials to get well-paying off-island jobs, primarily with the civil service. As the result of these jobs the migrants were able to send enough money home to their families so that the island residents were able to buy both the necessities and a number of the minor luxuries of life (p. xi). Despite their improved standards of living, many aspects of life on the island remained relatively unchanged, such as fishing, marketing, and ceremonial exchange, primarily in the form of gifts to mark the stages of marriage, birth, death, and a host of other less momentous occasions. All of the above aspects of Ponam ethnography are examined in great detail in this monograph.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 9

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. om06-009

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 247-253) and Index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1978-1986

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologists-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 2004

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca. 1870-1980s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Ponam Island, Manus Province, Papua New Guinea

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Manus (Papua New Guinea people)

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