Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Carrier, Achsah H.
Carrier, James G.
Structure and process in a Melanesian society: Ponam's
progress in the twentieth century
Published By: Original publisher
Chur ; Philadelphia: Harwood Academic Publishers. 1991.
xxii, 261 p. ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Achsah H. Carrier, James G. Carrier
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Public structures (344);
Gift giving (431);
Status, role, and prestige (554);
Mode of marriage (583);
Kin relationships (602);
Burial practices and funerals (764);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a thorough account of gift exchange among the Manus
of Ponum Island. The Carriers take a position between structuralists and processualists and
argue that gift-giving is based on an inherent structural logic, i.e., sets of genealogical
relationships recognized by everyone, and is also a means for commenting on and actualizing
those relationships, in order to open 'roads' for marriage and exchange of needed
materials. They examine different ceremonial exchanges that occur at marriage, funerals,
birth of the first child, and establishment of a lineage. They show how these exchanges
reflect existing social structure and genealogical ideals and principles, and redistribute
resources and goods. They also discuss how ceremonial exchanges have changed historically,
especially after contact with Western powers and development of a regional market
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 244-253) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Ian Skoggard ; 2004
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Ponam Island, Manus Province, Papua New
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Manus (Papua New Guinea people)