Nagata, Shuichi, 1931-. Modern transformations of Moenkopi Pueblo

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Introduction

2 Social Characteristics Of A Colony Village

The Ideal Village Community

Interaction Between Major Villages

Colony And Mother Villages

3 Natural Environment

Federal And Local Contexts: The Reservation

Reservation System

Federal Supervision

Tribal Self-government

State System

Federal And Local Contexts Of Moenkopi

5 The Background To Change: Pre-modernization

Pre-mormon Period (prior To 1875)

Mormon Mission Period (ca. 1875–ca. 1885)

Early Reservation Period (ca. 1885–ca. 1900)

Beginning Of Modernization (ca. 1903)

Reservation Status

Agency Community

Off-reservation Town

Community Structure

Basis Of Village Economy

Household Organization

6 History Of Political Change

Development Of Village Factionalism (1903–34)

Traditional Leadership

General Condition Of Third Mesa

Relationships With The Government

Relationships With The Navajo

Relationships With The Missionaries

Development Of Factionalism

A Compromise

Intensification Of Tribal Factionalism (1934–45)

Territorial Framework Of Factionalism

Ceremonial Division

Tribal Council

Relationships With The Government

World War Ii And General Tribal Conditions

Trends In The Post-war Era (1945–58)

Growth Of Tribal Self-government

Outside Individuals In Village Politics

Decentralization Of Regional Administration

Accommodations To External Institutions (1958–64)

Further Segmentation

Relationships With Outside Groups

Leadership Structure

Leadership In Action

Social Control

Pattern Of Political Interactions Between Upper And Lower Moenkopi

7 Process Of Economic Change


Reservation Land Resources

Traditional Land Use Pattern Of The Hopi

Reservation Control Of Land Resources


Expansion And Contraction Of Farm Acreage

Tenure And Distribution Of Farm Land

Farm Labor Organization And Supply

Technology Of Farming

Varieties Of Cultivated Crops

Disposal Of Farm Produce

Livestock Industry

Reservation Control

Livestock Ownership And Usufruct Rights To Ranges

Changing Volume Of The Livestock Industry

Herding Practices And “outfits”

Sale Of Livestock

Wage Work

Opportunities For Wage Work

Pattern Of Wage Work

Income From Wage Work

Craft Industry


Inter-tribal Trade

Village Stores

Peddlers And Food Sales

Subsidiary Income

Spending Pattern

Economic Integration And Interaction Of Subsistence And Money Economies

8 Process Of Kinship Transformation

A Demographic Preamble


Phratry As A Stabilizing Factor

Moenkopi Clans

Present Significance Of Clans In Moenkopi


Formation Of Lineage Segments In Moenkopi

Economic Basis Of Lineage Grouping

Lineage Differentiation

Nuclear Family Household

Household Group

The Moenkopi Household In The Past

Emergence Of The Nuclear Family Household

Present Size Of Moenkopi Households

Forms Of Moenkopi Households At Present

Modern Developmental Cycle And The Moenkopi Household

Matrifocal Family In Moenkopi




Kinship And The Stability Of Marriage

9 Contemporary Moenkopi

Reservation Status

Agency Community

Off-reservation Town

Community Structure

Basis Of Village Economy

Household Organization

10 Summary And Conclusion

Developmental Sequence

Mormon Settlement Period (1875–1903)

Western Navajo Reservation Period (1903–35)

Transitional Period (1935–51)

Western Navajo Subagency Period (1951–present)

General Trends

Integration Into National Economy

Emergence Of The Nuclear Family Household As The Corporate Unit

Suburbanization Of Village Community

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Modern transformations of Moenkopi Pueblo

Published By: Original publisher Urbana: University of Illinois Press. [1970]. xvii, 336 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Shuichi Nagata

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hopi (NT09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Community structure (621); Ingroup antagonisms (578); History (175); Missions (797); Public welfare (657); External relations (648); Real property (423); Labor supply and employment (464); Gift giving (431); Economic planning and development (179); Clans (614); Inter-community relations (628);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source is a detailed study of the transformation of Moenkopi Pueblo since 1870s from a summer farming colony of Oraibi to an independent community undergoing modernization and integration into the larger non-Hopi world. Based on fieldwork in Moenkopi and extensive use of documentary materials, the author defines the characteristics that have distinguished Moenkopi from other Hopi villages throughout its history and discusses the natural environment of the Moenkopi area and the federal and local dimensions of reservation life at Moenkopi. In the central part of this study the author describes and analyzes changes in political, economic, and kinship organization at Moenkopi, the interaction of the Hopi at Moenkopi with surrounding Navajo tribe, and economic and social integration of Moenkopi residents into the larger White society. A central theme throughout this study concerns factionalism within Moenkopi and the division of the community into Upper and Lower parts and the implications of this for local socio-economic change, acculturation, and integration into the larger society.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 36

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt09-036

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: This is a rewrite of the author's dissertation (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois, 1967 Includes bibliographical references (p. 316-326) Information on factionalism in Moenkopi and the division of the community is filed mainly in Categories 578 and 621.

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1962-1965

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Gerald Reid ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1870s-1965

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Moenkopi Pueblo, northeastern Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hopi Indians


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