Whiting, Alfred F.. Ethnobotany of the Hopi

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Ethnobotany

Relationship Of Ethnobotany To Botany And Anthropology

Problems Involving Ethnobotanical Data

The Presentation And Interpretation Of Ethnobotanical Data

Chapter Ii The Hopi And His Environment

The Hopi

The Flora

The Hopi Attitude Towards Nature

Chapter Iii Agriculture


Hopi Crops

Plants Cultivated By The Hopi

Agricultural Methods 4

The Preparation Of Corn Dishes

The Cultivation Of Wild Plants

Chapter Iv Wild Plants Used For Food

Staple Foods

Spring Greens



Between Meals

When The Crops Fail

Chapter V Construction, Implements, And Decoration


Firemaking And Firewood

Implements Of Hunting And War

Musical Instruments

Household Utensils

Arts And Crafts

Personal Decoration

Chapter Vi Hopi Medicinal Plants

The Medical Profession

Hopi Medicinal Herbs

Chapter Vii Plants Of Ceremonial And Magical Importance

The Kiva


Ceremonial Emetics

Ritual Smoking

Beans In Hopi Ritual

The Manufacture Of Ceremonial Equipment

Magic, Signs And Omens

Chapter Viii Plant Symbols In Social And Ceremonial Life

Plant Symbols In Ceremonies

The Prayer Stick Or Paho

Color Directional Symbolism

Plants Associated With The Kachinas

Plant Symbols In The Social Organization

Chapter Ix The Hopi In Relation To Their Environment

Summary Of Plants Used By The Hopi

Wild Plants Obtained At A Distance

Plants Of Negative Importance

Plants Which Are Not Used

Plants Not Generally Recognized

The Floral Environment Of The Hopi

The Changing Environmental Adjustment

The Effect Of Grazing On Plants And Man

Chapter X Plant Terminology

Botanical Terminology

Hopi Classification And Terminology

Chapter Xi Field Work

Chapter Xii Annotated List Of Plants

Pinaceae Pine Family

Gnetaceae Mormon Tea Family

Typhaceae Cattail Family

Poaceae Grass Family

Cyperaceae And Juncaceae Sedges And Rushes


Liliaceae Lily Family


Salicaceae Willow Family

Betulaceae Birch Family

Fagaceae Beech Family

Cannabinaceae Hemp Family

Loranthaceae Mistletoe Family

Polygonaceae Buckwheat Family

Chenopodiaceae Goosefoot Family

Amaranthaceae Amaranth Family

Nyctaginaceae Four O'clock Family


Silenaceae Pink Family

Ranunculaceae Butter-cup Family

Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Brassicaceae Mustard Family

Capparidaceae Caper Family

Grossulariaceae Gooseberry Family

Rosaceae Rose Family

Malaceae Apple Family

Amygdalaceae Plum Family

Fabaceae Pea Family

Linaceae Flax Family


Euphorbiaceae Spurge Family


Vitaceae Grape Family

Malvaceae Mallow Family



Cactaceae Cactus Family

Onagraceae Evening-primrose Family

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Oleaceae Olive Family

Gentianaceae Gentian Family

Asclepiadaceae Milkweed Family

Polemoniaceae Phlox Family


Boraginaceae Borage Family

Solanaceae Potato Family

Menthaceae Mint Family

Scrophulariaceae Figwort Family

Martyniaceae Devil's Claw Family

Plantaginaceae Plantain Family

Cucurbitaceae Pumpkin Family

Asteraceae Sunflower Family

Ferns And Horsetails




Plants Not Satisfactorily Identified

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Ethnobotany of the Hopi

Published By: Original publisher Flagstaff: Northern Arizona Society of Science and Art. 1939. viii, 120 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Alfred F. Whiting

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hopi (NT09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Flora (137); Ethnobotany (824); Medical therapy (757); Preservation and storage of food (251); Food preparation (252); Diet (262); Condiments (263); Paint and dye manufacture (386); Pharmaceuticals (278); Personal grooming (302); Nonalcoholic beverages (272); Musical instruments (534);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source presents a detailed analysis, in both qualitative and quantitative depth, of Hopi ethnobotany, stressing those factors that are involved in the adjustment to the natural environment. After a brief introductory section dealing with the geography of the region, the cultural history of the Hopi, and a resume of their agricultural practices, the author turns to the main theme of his work, plant utilization. Here Whiting discusses the use of plants as foods, as raw materials in construction, implement manufacture, decoration, medicine, ceremonies, etc. These data are summarized in an annotated list of plants, followed by a very useful index of plants arranged in alphabetical order by native name.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 35

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nt09-035

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 101-103) and index Data about the use of plants as foods, as raw materials in construction, implement manufacture, decoration, medicine, ceremonies, etc. are summarized in an annotated list of plants, and are in Categories 137 and 824, pp. 62-100. The index of plants is in Categories 137 and 824 pages 104-110.

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1835-1937

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1988

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Hopi Pueblos, Second and Third Mesas, northeastern Arizona, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hopi Indians


Copy and paste a formatted citation or use one of the links below to export the citation to your chosen bibliographic manager.

Export a Citation