St. John, Donald Patrick. The dream-vision experience of the Iroquois: its religious meaning

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I The Archaic Period

Pre-contact Iroquoian History 1

Iroquoian-european Contact

Early Missionaries And The Image Of The Indian

The Dominant Traits Of The Iroquoians

Christianity, Wars And Epidemics

The Failure Of European Acculturation Efforts

The Common Iroquoian Creation Myth

The Creation Myth: The First Cosmic Age

The Creation Myth: The Second Cosmic Age

The Creation Myth: The Third Cosmic Age

Dreams And The Great Celestial Beings

Spirit Forces Of The Atmosphere

Spirit Forces Of The Earth

Spirit Forces Of The Rivers And Underworld

Dreams: Animal And Fish Spirits

Guardian Spirits And The Dream-vision

The Soul And Dream-visions

Shamanism And The Dream-vision

The Dream-guessing Ceremony And Midwinter Festival

The Dream-vision And Games

The Community: Dream Validation And Interpretation

Iroquoian Faith In The Dream-vision

Anthony F. C. Wallace's Interpretation Of Iroquoian Dream Culture

Problems With Wallace's Interpretation

Historical And Cultural Factors: Their Significance

Manifest And Latent Content In Dream-visions

Individual And Culture Pattern Dreams

Historical Phenomenology And Dream-vision Categories

Chapter Ii The Period Of Crisis

The Rise And Decline Of Iroquois Power: 1700-1783

Sociocultural And Economic Decay: 1784-1798

The Quakers And The Seneca

Handsome Lake And The Iroquois Fate

The Early Dream-visions Of Handsome Lake And Moral Reform

The First “four Words”

Reform Of The Family

Reform Of The Community

Cultural And Social Reform

The Great Sky-journey And Eschatology

The Apocalyptic Element In Handsome Lake's Revelations

Chapter Iii Handsome Lake And The Reformation Of Iroquois Life

Traditional Iroquoian Shamanism

Handsome Lake's Sky-journey And Classical Shamanism

Handsome Lake As Iroquoian Shaman

Handsome Lake And The Frontier Nativistic Prophets

The Eighteenth Century American Frontier And Indian Prophets

The Great Revival Of The Late Eighteenth Century

The Delaware Prophet

The Shawnee Prophet

Handsome Lake And His Movement

The Uniqueness Of Handsome Lake's Dream-vision Experiences

The Great Revival And Early Near East Ecstatic Prophetism

The Prophet As Messenger Of A God

Hebrew And Indian Prophets: Addressing The Nation As A Whole

Handsome Lake And The Prophetic

The Great Revival And Nineteenth Century Evangelization Efforts

The Iroquois Religion And The Protestant Challenge

The Protestant Threat And The Seneca Response

The Formation Of The Longhouse Religion

Chapter Iv The Contemporary Longhouse Religion And Dream-visions

Dreams And The Ritual Cycle

The Development Of The Present Day Cycle

The Cycle Of Ceremonies At Various Longhouses

Dreams And The Midwinter Festival

The Rite Of Confession And “pass Dances”

Feasts For The Dead And Dreams

The Six Nations Convention And Gaiwiio

The Masked Societies, The “faces” And Dreams

The Origin Of The False Faces: Ethnological Material

The Origin Of The False Faces: Archaeological Material

Pipes, Masks And Iroquois Religious Experiences

Fortunetellers As Remnants Of Ancient Shamanism

The Buffalo Society

The Bear Society

The Otter Society

The Changed Role And Style Of Animal Dances

The Society Of Medicine Men

Societies Originally Concerned With War And Wound-healing

The Little Water Medicine Society

The Eagle Society And Dreams

The Integration Of Handsome Lake's Teachings With Shamanistic Elements In The Medicine Societies. An Example

Summary Of Chapter Four

Chapter V Conclusion The Iroquois Journey And The Future

The Journey Of The Historian Of Religions

The Cosmos As Organic: The Dream And Interrelatedness

The Organic Cosmos: Death And Rebirth

Trust, Dreams And The Cosmos

Trust, Culture And Cosmos

The Collapse Of The Sacred Cosmos And The Normative Culture

Faith And The Gaiwiio

The Longhouse “church” And Paradise Regained

The Historian Of Religions And The Emerging Earth Community

The Journey Symbol, Dream-vision Experience And The Iroquois

The Sky-journey Of Handsome Lake

The Dream-vision Flight And The Contemporary Imagination

The Dream And The Individual Journey

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The dream-vision experience of the Iroquois: its religious meaning

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International. 1981 [1994 copy]. [ii], v, 320, [4] p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Donald P. St. John

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iroquois (NM09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Shamans and psychotherapists (756); General character of religion (771); Mythology (773); Theological systems (779); Revelation and divination (787); Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document St. John's dissertation is a study of continuity and change in the religious life of the Iroquois from approximately 1600 AD to around 1980. Throughout this work the dream-vision experience is given primary focus, for the author believes that by understanding this religious phenomenon within the context of several significant periods and events in the history of the Iroquois, its many functions and meanings become evident (p. 321). The historical periods noted above in which the dream-vision is investigated are the early contact period, which the author calls the 'archaic universe', the prophetic career of Handsome Lake, the Longhouse Religion which was founded on the basis of the revelations of Handsome Lake, and the emerging 'planetisation' of mankind. Much of the early historical data in this document is based on the JESUIT RELATIONS and other related works, such as the CODE OF HANDSOME LAKE, and the journal entries of various Quaker missionaries. This material is then further supplemented by later compilations from mythology, folklore and legend.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 62

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nm09-062

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM: 8123469 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Fordham University, 1981 Includes bibliographical references (p. 312-320)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Theologian-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1994

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1600-1980

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) various locations, United States and Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iroquois Indians

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