Foley, Denis. An ethnohistoric and ethnographic analysis of the Iroquois from the aboriginal era to the present suburban era

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I: Aboriginal Era

I. Discussion Of Sources

Ii. Ecological System 1. Boundaries

2. Land Form, Soil And Climate

3. Natural Resources

Iii. Economic System 1. Factors Of Production A. Land Use

B. The Supernatural And Economic Power

C. Ecological Time

D. Corporate - Non-corporate Productive Groups

E. Integrative Mechanisms Among Productive Groups

F. Roles

Iv. Social Organisation 1. Distribution

2. Social Strategy And Stratification

3. Roles

4. Corporate Structure

5. Politics, Conflict, Flexibility And Symbelic Unity

V. Aboriginal Belief System 1. Introduction

2. Dreams

3. Mourning: Death - Renewal

4. Disorder-order A. Introduction

Thanksgiving Addross - Calendric Ceremonies

C. Earthgrasper

D. The Founding Of The League

Vi. The Interplay Of The Economic, Political And Idoological Systems 1. Regulatory System

Chapter Ii; Rural Period 1870-1914 I. Ecological System 1. Area

2. Climate

3. Land Form

4. Natural Resources

5. Demography And Settlemont Pattern

Ii. Economic System

1. Production A. Economic Stratogy

B. Factors In Production

C. Ecological Tine

D. Productive Groups: Corporate And Non-corporate

E. Roles: Division Of Laber

Iii. Secial System 1. Distribution

A. Marriage And Reciprocity

B. Household And Neighborhood

C. Religious Congregations

D. Stratification And Economics

2. Social Organization A. Social Strategy

B. Social Stratification

C. Kinship Roles

D. Corporate Structure

3. Polities And Conflict A. The State And The Reserve (1) National Level: Autonomy - The Key Problem

(2) Hereditary Council

(3) Indian Department:

B. Regienal Level: The Grand Council As An Intorost Group: Council Of 1870

C. Local Level

Iv. Reserve Bolief System 1. General Introduction

2. Longhouse Adherents A. Basic Concepts

B. Dreams, Curing Secieties And Witchcraft

C. Death And Renewal

D. Order-disorder Theme (1) Thanksgiving Address - Calendric Cycle Ordering The Symbolic S

(2) The Deganawida Versions: Manipulating The Symbolic Systems (a) Two Traditionalist Efforts At Codification

(b) The By-laws: The Crucial Section Of The Great Law

(c) Seth Newhouse's Version

(3) The Good Message: The Code Of Handsome Lake

E. The Longhouse Symbolic System And The Interplay Of Economic Political Factors

3. Rural Protestants

A. Christian Values

B. Progress And The Pretestant Ethic

C. Founder Of The League Epic: The Chiefs' Version

4. Mediating Symbols A. Jesus: The Indian Saviour

B. Nationalism (1) Broad And Cheese Day

(2) John Barley Corn

(3) Indian Modicine

V. The Interplay Of Economic, Political And Ideological Factors

Chapter Iii: Change From The Aboriginal To Rural Period

I. Comparison 1. Ecological Change

2. Corporate Change

3. Political Change

4. Religious Change

Ii. Explanation 1. Ecological Transformations

2. Political Transfornations A. Historical Background (1607-1784)

B. Major Transformations (1) Autonemy: Allies Or Subjects

(2) Land Cessions; Overview

(3) Joseph Brant: Culture Broker

(4) The Changing Hereditary Council

C. Ideological Change

(1) Christianity: An Ideology Of Alliance Or Heresy

Iv. Change Through The Interplay Of Economic, Political And Ideological Factors

Chapter Iv: Physical And Social Adaptations, The Suburan Era 1950-1975

I. Ecological System; Suburban Reserve 1950-1975 1. Setting: The Industrial Hub

2. Demography

3. Land Use

Ii. Economic System

1. Production A. Strategy

B. Ecalogical Time

C. Factors In Preduction (1) The Larger Society

Iii. Social System 1. Distribution A. Overviow

B. Shared Rodistributive Structures

(1) The Canadian State And Modern Industrial Economy

(2) Househeld And Kindred Units

C. Longhouse Distribution (1) Lingeage And Sub-lineage

(2) Calendric Feasting And The Bowl Game

(3) Feasts Of The Dead And The Longhouse Ohki:wah?

(4) Hereditary Council

(5) The Longhouse Redistributive Ethio

2. Social Organisation A. Social Strategy

B. Social Stratification And Corporate Structure

C. Longhouse Complex (1) Longhouse Communities

(2) Singers' Society, Curing Secieties And Witchoraft

3. Politics And Confliot A. National Lovel; Autonony And State Domination (1) Elected Council

(2) Hereditary Council

B. Regional Level (1) Association Of Iroqueis And Allied Indians

C. Local Level (1) Political Stratification: “indianness” And Factionalism

(2) Regulated Schismatic Factionalism

(3) Model Case: 1970 Seizure Of The Council House

(4) Hereditary Purism

Chapter V: Suburban Period 1950-1975 - Symbolic Adaptation

I. Belief System 1. Introduction

2. Longhouse Adhoronts A. Pasic Concopts

B. Cultural Focus; Curing

C. Death And Renewal (1) The Dead

(2) Community Level: The Longhouse Dead

(3) Individual Dead

(4) Deceased Chiefs (a) Condolence Council

D. Rituals And Epics Of Disorder And Order (1) Thanksgiving Address

(2) Kayhwi':yho? (a) The Cirouit And Chiefs Conventions

(b) The Elaboration Myths And The Can On

(c) Kaswenta?: An Ideelogical Synthesis

3. Roserve Protestants

A. Christian Values: Middle Class Values

B. Christianity And The Protestant Ethic

C. The Living Dead; Symbols Of Cultural Brokers

4. Mediating Symbols A. Introduction

B. Herbal Medicine

(c) Sports

(d) Community Events

(e) The Shared Past: The Land Issue

5. Relations Of The Symbolic And Non-symbolic Systems

Chapter Vi: Change From The Rural To Suburban Periods

I. General Comparison Of Changes 1. Ecological Change

2. Corporate Change

3. Political Change

4. Ideological Change

Ii. Historical Process

2. Political Transformations

3. Ideological Transformations

Iii. Change Through The Interplay Of Economic, Political And Ideological Factors

Chapter Vii

I. Conclusion A. Chapter Summary

B. Iroquois Studies

C. Rationalization, Ideology, And Pluralism

D. Comparative Process


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: An ethnohistoric and ethnographic analysis of the Iroquois from the aboriginal era to the present suburban era

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International. 1975 [1994 copy]. [x], iv, 362 leaves ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Denis Foley

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iroquois (NM09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Sociocultural trends (178); Form and rules of government (642); Deliberative councils (646); Public welfare (657); General character of religion (771); Theological systems (779);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document According to Foley, much of the information that exists on the Iroquois is based on the early writings of the Jesuit Fathers and colonial chroniclers, and further supplemented by the ethnographies of Morgan, Beauchamp, Parker, Hewitt, Goldenweiser, Fenton, Speck, Shimony, Myers, and Weaver. Prominent social theorists such as Marx and Engles utilized portions of Morgan's research on the Iroquois to develop theories on the origin of the state and class structure. This dissertation '…attempts to synthesize and place the various primary sources and secondary works in historical perspective in order to delineate specific factors affecting the processes of change' (p. i) from the aboriginal precontact period to the mid-1970s.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 60

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nm09-060

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM: 76-1904 Thesis (Ph.D.) -- State University of New York at Albany, 1975 Includes bibliographical references (p. 343-362)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date (10 months (p. 10))

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1994

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). Pre-contact-1975

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Six Nations Reserve, Brantford, Ontario, Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iroquois Indians


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