Tooker, Elisabeth. Iroquois since 1820

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Iroquois since 1820

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Handbook of North American Indians. Northeast. Vol. 15, edited by Bruce G. Trigger

Published By: Original publisher Handbook of North American Indians. Northeast. Vol. 15, edited by Bruce G. Trigger Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. 1978. 449-465 p. [dc] ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Elisabeth Tooker

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iroquois (NM09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Sociocultural trends (178); Public welfare (657); Shamans and psychotherapists (756); General character of religion (771); Organized ceremonial (796); Missions (797);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document During the first two decades of the nineteenth century, the various social, economic, and political consequences of the Iroquois defeat by the Americans in the Revolution, were apparent. Many Iroquois, including a large number who had been loyal to the British, moved to reserves in Canada, while others remained in their old homelands which were now part of the United States of America. 'The once powerful and independent Iroquois confederacy had become 'nations within nations'' (p. 449). By 1820 it was clear to the Iroquois that in order to deal with whites as neighbors they would have to change their whole economic base of existence (e.g., from a hunting-gathering society to one based essentially on sedendary agriculture). This article traces the various changes that took place in the society from the early nineteenth to the late twentieth century (ca. 1970s). Tooker describes the loss of Indian lands, the establishment of reservations, missionization, changes in political, economic, and religious structures, medicine societies, curing practices, and modern (ca. 1970s) reservation life.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 44

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nm09-044

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: GPO Stock no.: 047-000-00351-2 Bibliography included as document no. 54

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1994

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). variable

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) United States and Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iroquois Indians


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