Waugh, Frederick W.. Iroquois foods and food preparation

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Iroquois Foods And Food Preparation.


Phonetic Key.

Agricultural Methods And Customs.

The Iroquois As Horticulturists.

Corn Culture In Eastern North America.

Communal Customs.

Making The Clearing.

Division Of Labour.

Co-operative Customs.

The[unknown] T[unknown][unknown] Wi[unknown][unknown] Z[unknown] S (on., All The Females).

Implements Employed.

Early Descriptions Of Corn Culture.

Corn “medicines.”

Planting Of The Corn.

Thanksgiving After Planting.

Cultivation Ceremonials.


Other Planting Time Customs And Beliefs.

Weather-lore. 3

Iroquois Calendars.

Protection Of Crops.

End Of Season Ceremony.

Harvesting And Storage.

Abnormal Ears. 4

Cookery And Eating Customs.

Eating Customs.

Household Conveniences.

General Characteristics.

Methods Of Fire-making.

The Gathering Of Wood.

Utensils Used In The Gathering, Preparation, And Eating Of Food.

Cooking Methods And Utensils.

Mortars And Pestles.

The Pack Basket--y[unknown] Nt[unknown] Shage[unknown][unknown] D[unknown] Sta' (sen.) 1

Hulling Or Washing Basket--yegai[unknown][unknown] Doä[unknown] 'ta' (sen.). 2

The Sifting Basket.

Bread Bowls (bark And Wood).

Dishes Used In Eating.

Spoons Or Ladles.

Forks Or Eating-sticks.

The Paddle.

The Knife.

Food Materials And Recipes.

Corn As A Food Plant.

Iroquois Corn Varieties.

Other Seeds And Grains.

Corn Recipes. 1

Obsolete Corn Foods.

Ceremonial Corn Foods.

Beans And Bean Foods.

Cucurbitace[unknown] Or Vine Foods.

Leaf, Stem, And Bark Foods.

Root Foods.

General Botanical Terms.

Edible Fungi (on., Unä[unknown] Sa'; Ca., Unra[unknown][unknown] Sa').

Nuts As Food (nut, U'su'gwa', On.).

Fruits Used As Foods.

General Folk-lore Items.

Animal Foods.

Saccharine Foods.


Salt As A Food Material.

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Iroquois foods and food preparation

Published By: Original publisher Ottawa: Government Printing Bureau. 1916. v, 235 p., plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication F. W. Waugh

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1996. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iroquois (NM09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book is a detailed ethnobotanical description of Iroquois food plants and foods. Waugh includes information on non-food plants as well as the non-food uses of some animal and mineral products. Some folkloric material is also included. Data for this source were gathered by Waugh among both the New York and Canadian Iroquois. The author also makes use of historical sources.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 25

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nm09-025

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliography

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1912-1915

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. William W. Stein ; 1955

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) New York State, United States and Canada

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Iroquois Indians


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