Conklin, Nancy Faires. 'Colored' and Catholic: the Lebanese in Birmingham, Alabama

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: 'Colored' and Catholic: the Lebanese in Birmingham, Alabama

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Crossing the waters : Arabic-speaking immigrants to the United States before 1940, edited by Eric J. Hooglund

Published By: Original publisher Crossing the waters : Arabic-speaking immigrants to the United States before 1940, edited by Eric J. Hooglund Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. 1987. 69-84 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Nancy Faires Conklin and Nora Faires

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1999. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Arab Americans (NK09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF External migration (167); Retail marketing (443); Ethnic stratification (563);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This essay describes the Lebanese community in Birmingham, Alabama from its establishment in the late nineteenth century to the early twentieth. The authors examine immigration patterns, and the political and social climate of Birmingham in which the Lebanese were to make their home, dominated in the early years by issues of race and segregation. 'The reaction of the Lebanese to the stresses of economic change and social ostracism was not to assimilate, but to establish and maintain strong, stable community institutions' (pp. 69-70).These institutions, and particularly the Maronite church, which formed the focal point for the community, are described in the final section of this work.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 14

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nk09-014

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Unknown-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1998

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). lage nineteenth - early twentieth centuries

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Birmingham, Alabama, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Arab Americans

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