Laughlin, William S.. Aleuts, survivors of the Bering Land Bridge

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1/introduction

Organizational Strategy

Information Matrix

2/the Aleut People: Unangan

Introduction

Physical Characteristics

Aleut-eskimo Affinities And Origins

Length Of Life

Population Decline

Growth Rate Of The Aleut Population

3/environment: The Aleut Ecosystem

Distribution And Characteristics Of The Islands

Clustering

Climate

4/hunting

Kayak Hunting

Child Training For Hunting And Survival

Locating Game

Stalking And Pursuit

Killing

Retrieval

The Kayak And Hunting Equipment

Whaling

Sea Otter Hunting

Other Forms Of Hunting And Collecting

5/ancient Village Life

Houses And Households

Dancing, Singing, And Wrestling

Inspection And Scanning System

Warfare

Clothing

Labrets And Tattoos

Patterns For Living

Kinship Terms

Story Telling

6/the Whale Swimming North: Anangula

The Place For Making Stone Blades

Anangula Village: Transition Culture

Aleut Origins On The Bering Land Bridge

7/chaluka: The Last 4000 Years Of Aleut History

Tools For Making A Living

Tools For Making Tools

Skin Working

Diverse Objects

Houses

Burials

Faunal Remains

Trends In Chipped Stone Artifacts

A Newer View Of The History Of The Aleutians

8/the Use And Abuse Of Mummies

Mummification

Dismemberment

Joint-binding

Bringing In The Whale

9/words, Language, And Culture

Words

Anatomical Terms

Aleut Alphabet

10/cossacks

The Aleut Account Of The Medvedev Massacre: “jacob, Sit Down”

The Skeletal Evidence

The Historical Account Of The Medvedev Massacre

The Early Russian Period: 1741–1768

Russian Traits And Changes

11/modern Life In An Ancient Village

Challenges To Aleut Culture

Characteristics Of Aleut Society

Intervillage Cooperation

Influence Of External Events

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Aleuts, survivors of the Bering Land Bridge

Published By: Original publisher New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. 1980. vii, 151 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by William S. Laughlin

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2007. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aleut (NA06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Topography and geology (133); Human biology (140); Marine hunting (225); Lithic industries (324); Boats (501); External relations (648); Burial practices and funerals (764); Chronologies and culture sequences (911);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book is part of the Holt, Rinehart & Winston series of case studies in cultural anthroplogy for college students. It has an archeological bent. Laughlin looks at the Aleutian migration and prehistory, ecosystem, ancient village life, post-contact history, especially the Medvedev massacre, language, and only in the last chapter, modern village life.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 71

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. na06-071

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 148-151)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1938-1975

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2005

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 12000 BP - 1974 A.D.

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Aleutian Islands, Alaska, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Aleuts

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