Hrdlicka, Ales, 1869-1943. The Aleutian and Commander islands and their inhabitants

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Aleutian and Commander islands and their inhabitants

Published By: Original publisher Philadelphia: Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology. 1945. xx, 630 p. ill. [incomplete]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Ales Hrdlicka …

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2007. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aleut (NA06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Anthropometry (141); Descriptive somatology (142); Prehistory (172); Mats and basketry (285); Normal garb (291); Heating and lighting equipment (354); General tools (412); Utensils (415); Burial practices and funerals (764);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is the author's final work on the Aleut resulting from his archaeological research in the Aleutian Islands in 1937. His survey of the early Aleut includes excerpts from early sources, conclusions from material specimens excavated, and anthropometric analysis of skeletal remains found. On the basis of his archaeological and anthropometric research, he infers the existence of a pre-Aleut population. This conclusion was not reached by Jochelson in his research (see 10: Jochelson) and Quimby disagrees with Hrdlicka's conclusions and postulates a gradual change (see 30: Quimby). No attempt was made to evaluate the validity of Hrdlicka's theory for the Files. Excerpts from early sources were omitted if the early sources themselves are included in this collection. Only a small portion of the author's field journals, kept on both his 1936 and 1937 expeditions, was excerpted since they deal primarily with the author's own experiences. The anthropometric data, either the descriptive or tabular presentation of results was excerpted but not both. Material of primarily archaeological interest and lists of specimens obtained were not included. Finally, it should be noted that the analysis of the clothing, mats, baskets, and cordage excavated on Kagamil Island (Appendix I, pp. 589-608) was made by Miss O. Settles, Professor of Textiles, Iowa State College.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 23

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. na06-023

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: This document consists of excerpts Includes bibliographical references (p. 619-624) The work is based on a variety of sources, including archeology, historical ethnography, anthropmetry, and the author's own observations. Few historical or archeological dates are given. Hrdlicka postulates the existence of a pre-Aleut, living up until Russian contact. However, the case for a pre-Aleut population is now questioned (see Laughlin, document 24.) Evidence points to two contemporaneous sub-populations of Aleut, an eastern and western group. (I.S. 2005)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1936-1938

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Archaeologist-3

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. LSS ; 1950-1956

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1781-1938

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Aleutian Islands, Alaska, United States

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Aleuts

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