Varley, Tony. Defending rural interests against Nationalists in 20th-century Ireland: a tale of three movements

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Defending rural interests against Nationalists in 20th-century Ireland: a tale of three movements

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Rural change in Ireland, edited by John Davis

Published By: Original publisher Rural change in Ireland, edited by John Davis Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen’s University of Belfast. 1999. 58-83 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Tony Varley and Chris Curtin

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Rural Irish (ER06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF History (175); Cooperative organization (474); Sodalities (575); Towns (632); Administrative agencies (647); Political parties (665); Political movements (668); Theological systems (779); Priesthood (793);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This article focuses on the history of three twentieth-century rural movements organized in response to the decline of the rural farming economy and the failure of national leaders to adequately respond. Muintir na Tíre began in the 1930s as a parish-based renewal movement, organized along the same principles as the Catholic Social Movement, and tried to build alliances across classes while staying clear of the state and party politics. It built its own organization of parish guilds and councils, promoting self-help activities and organizing leisure time activities. It was eventually taken over by local propertied and professional class. The National Agrarian Party (Clann na Talmhan) organized western farmers against the urban-based nationalist political establishment that was blamed for the 1930s decline in agriculture. It failed in its nationwide appeal because of different regional farming interests. Following the decline of these two movements, the 1960s Save the West campaign, inspired by the civil rights movement in the United States, attempted to save smallholding western farmers. It advocated for the right of communities to self-determination, promoted local initiatives, and built power by linking together existing groups. Nevertheless, attempts to pressure the government to sponsor pilot projects failed and the movement soon dissolved. The author concludes with an assessment of the relative success of each movement in mobilizing collective action.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 36

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. er06-036

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not applicable

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Historian-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2014

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1894-1968

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Ireland

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ireland--Rural conditions

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