Shutes, Mark T., 1947-2001. Changing agricultural strategies in a Kerry parish

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Changing agricultural strategies in a Kerry parish

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Ireland from below, edited by Chris Curtin and Thomas M. Wilson

Published By: Original publisher Ireland from below, edited by Chris Curtin and Thomas M. Wilson Galway: Galway University Press, Officina Typographica. 1987. 187-206 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Mark T. Shutes

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Rural Irish (ER06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Sociocultural trends (178); Domesticated animals (231); Dairying (234); Tillage (241); Agricultural machinery (407); Real property (423); Labor and leisure (461); Competition (477); Community structure (621);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document In this article, the author examines from an individual actor perspective the change from mixed farming to mechanized dairying when Ireland joined the European Common Market. Labor-intensive mixed farming, in which small farm households supplied labor to the larger farms, predominated in the parish for a century prior to 1950. During that period, emigration eventually resulted in labor shortages. The change to mechanized dairy farming is interpreted as a rational choice made by farmers in response to the dwindling labor supply. Social relations in the community also changed, as farms became more competitive with each other and gaps in farm incomes and family status widened. Without the need for outside labor, farmers became more isolated and once neighborly ties dissolved.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 33

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. er06-033

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Essay

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 205-206)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1971, 1976, 1987

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2014

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1841-1987

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) County Kerry, Munster, Ireland

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ireland--Rural conditions

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