Koentjaraningrat, 1923-. Javanese culture

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1 Introduction

1. The Homeland

2. Population

Java's Growth Rate

Migration And Resettlement

Family Planning

3. Language

Literary And Spoken Javanese

Javanese Script

Javanese Literature

Javanese Styles Of Speech

Javanese Dialects

4. The Regional Diversity Of Javanese Culture

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2 A Brief History Of Javanese Culture 1

1. Prehistory

2. The Period Of The Hindu-javanese States

3. The Emergence Of Javanese Islamic States

4. The Dutch Colonial Domination Of Java

5. Urban Growth In Java

6. The Development Of Public Education In Java

Dutch Colonial Education

National Education

7. The Javanese In The Indonesian National Movement And Revolution

The Cultural Movement Amongst Javanese Civil Servants

The Cultural Movement Amongst Javanese So□agar

The Reaction Of Traditionalist Javanese Muslims

The Political Movement Of Anti-javanism Javanese

The Partai Nasional Indonesia, A Javanese-initiated Nationalistic Political Movement

Javanese Peasants In The Indonesian Revolution

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3 Javanese Peasant Culture

1. Studies Of Javanese Peasant Communities

2. Socialization And Enculturation In The Peasant Family Of Orientation

The Javanese Desire For Children

Abortion And Abstinence

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Naming The Child

Infant Care

Toilet Training

Growing Up In The Family Of Orientation

Teaching Obedience

The Household And The School


The Enculturation Of Adult Norms And Values

3. Marriage: The Household And The Family Of Procreation

Relations Between Adolescents Of The Opposite Sex


The Wedding Ceremony

The Household And The Family Of Procreation

Relations With Affinals


Relations Of The Household With Neighbours

4. The Rural Javanese Kinship Network

The Functions Of Kinship Among Rural Javanese

The Javanese Kindred 91

Property And Inheritance

5. Javanese Peasants In Agriculture

Population Density Of The Javanese Region

Systems Of Land Tenure

Main Land-use Systems In Javanese Villages

Labour In Irrigated Rice Cultivation

Processing The Paddy


Animal Husbandry

6. Peasant Marketing

The Village Market

Traders And Artisans

Trade Practices

Capital And Trade Credit

Market Goods

Products Of Cottage Industries And Services

7. Peasant Occupations And Mobility

Primary And Secondary Occupations

Population Mobility

8. Rural Socio-economic Distinctions, Village Administration And Associations

Land And Descent

Prabot □usun

The Santri

Village Associations

9. Rural Recreation And Folk Art

Peasant Recreation

Javanese Folk Art And The Art Of The Courts

The West Pasisir Culture Region

The Banyumas Culture Region

The Bagelen Culture Region

The Central Javanese Negarigung Culture Region

The Mancanegari Culture Region

East Pasisir And Surabaya

The Tanah Sabrang Wetan Culture Region

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4 Javanese Urban Culture

1. Social Categories In Urban Communities

2. Socialization And Enculturation In The Priyayi Family Of Orientation

The Meaning Of Children In The Priyayi Family

Abortion And Birth Control

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Names Of Children Of Priyayi And Kauman Families

Infant Care

Toilet Training

Growing Up In The Family Of Orientation

Teaching Obedience

The House And The School


Enculturation Of Adult Norms

3. The Priyayi Marriage, The Household And The Family Of Procreation

Relations Between Adolescents Of Opposite Sexes



The Urban Household And Family Of Procreation

4. The Urban Javanese Kinship System

The System Of Kinship Terminology And Kinship Relations

Trah: The Urban Ancestor-oriented Non-unilineal Kinship Association

5. Priyayi Occupations, So□agar And Tiyang Alit

The Priyayi In The Administrative Service

The Occupations Of The Para Bandara

The Occupations Of The Non-pamong Praja Priyayi

Priyayi With Academic Degrees

The So□agar

Tiyang Alit

6. Priyayi Recreation And Urban Artistic Expression

Priyayi Recreation

The Javanese Ringgit Or Wayang

The Javanese Gamelan

Javanese Court Dances 75

Diffusion And Recent Development Of The Javanese Court Dances

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5 Javanese Religion

1. Agami Jawi And Agami Islam Santri


Syncretistic And Puritan Javanese Islam

The History Of Agami Jawi And Agami Islam Santri

2. The Agami Jawi Belief System

The Agami Jawi Concept Of Allah The Almighty

Agami Jawi Beliefs In Muhammad And The Prophets

Agami Jawi Beliefs In Saints

The Agami Jawi Concept Of The Creation, Cosmogony, And Cosmology

Agami Jawi Eschatology

Agami Jawi Beliefs In Deities

Agami Jawi Beliefs About Death And Afterlife

Ancestral And Guardian Spirits

Javanese Ghosts, Spooks, And Giants

Agami Jawi Belief In Kasekten Energy

3. The Agami Jawi Ceremonial System

Religious Practices

Wilujengan Or Slametan Communal Meals

Life Cycle Rites


Babaran Or Childbirth

Naming Ceremony

Kekah And Haircutting Ceremonies

Tedak Siten Or Contact With The Earth

Sunatan Or Circumcision

Funerals And Mortuary Rites

Nyekar: The Custom Of Visiting The Graves

Sesajen Offerings

Calendrical Ceremonial Celebrations

Siyam Or Fasting


Asceticism Or Tapabrata

Meditation Or Semedi

Bersih □usun


Agami Jawi Religious Personnel

4. The Islam Santri Belief System

Javanese Muslim Dogma

The Belief In Allah

Muhammad And The Prophets

Khalq, Allah's Creation

Belief In Death And Afterlife

Eschatological Beliefs In The Imam Mahdi

The Syari□ah Or Islamic Law

5. The Santri Muslim Ceremonial System

The Muslim Incantations, Or Sembahyang

Jakat Pitrah, Or Gift To The Poor

Siyam Or The Fast


The Haj And The Sacrifice

Muslim Calendrical Ceremonial Celebrations

Performance Of Maulid Stories

Santri Life Cycle Rites

Mortuary Ceremonies

Muslim Religious Personnel

6. Mysticism And Spiritual Movements

Kebatinan Kejawen

Kebatinan Mysticism

Ethical Movements For The Purification Of The Soul

Kebatinan Magic

Messianic Movements

Santri Spiritual Movements

7. Javanese Magic, Sorcery, And Numerology

Principles Of Magic And Sorcery

Magical Practices

The Javanese Lore Of Healing

Destructive Magic And Sorcery

Javanese Divination And Numerology

The Javanese □ukun

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6 Javanese Symbolic System And Value Orientation

1. The Symbolic System

Symbolic Classification

2. Javanese Peasant And Priyayi Values


The Essence And Meaning Of Human Life

The Essence Or Meaning Of Human Labour

The Relationship Between Man And Nature

The Javanese Perception Of Time

The Relationship Between Man And Man

3. The Javanese Today

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Javanese culture

Published By: Original publisher Singapore ; New York: Oxford University Press. 1985. xiv, 550 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Koentjaraningrat

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Javanese (OE05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Religious denominations (795); Congregations (794); History (175); Administrative agencies (647); Classes (565); Prehistory (172); Reproduction (840); Dance (535); Theological systems (779); External relations (648); Political movements (668); Cosmology (772);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph presents a study of Javanese culture history and ethnography from approximately 1815-1990. Of particular interest in this document is the author's description of the differences between the cultures of the peasant population in the rural village communities and that of the intelligentsia in civil servant occupations in the more urban environments. Additional topics in this work include information on population, religion, social organization, the economic system, and language. The final chapter of this study, largely theoretical in nature, presents information on the Javanese symbolic system and value orientation. An extensive bibliography will be found at the end of this work.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 37

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. oe05-037

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: 'Issued under the auspices of the Southeast Asian Studies Program, Institute of Southeast Asia Studies, Singapore.' Includes bibliographical references (p. 472-528)and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1958-1959, 1970

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist, Indigene-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 2009

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1815-1990

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Java, Indonesia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Java (Indonesia)--Civilization


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