Kunwar, Ramesh Raj. Fire of Himal: an anthropological study of the Sherpas of Nepal Himalayan region

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter One Sherpa Studies

Works So Far Done

The Present Study

Research Method Applied

Chapter Two Ecological Set-up

Situation

Topography

Climate

Glaciers

Soil

Mineral And Water Resources

Himalaya

Vegetation

Fauna And Avifauna

Man In Relation To Fauna And Avionfauna

The Concept Of Nature And Man

Chapter Three Fire And Forest

Role Of Forest Resources

Forest As A Source Of Food

Forest As A Source Of Fuel

Forest As A Source Of Supplying Shelter

Forest As A Source Of Medicinal Herbs And Incense Plants

Forest As A Source Of Raw Materials And Dyes

Present Situation Of The Forests

Chapter Four Economy And Subsistence

Herding Syabla Riki Go La Thowa

Trading

Man's Reading Of Nature

Season

Agriculture

Agricultural Operation

Working System

Trekking And Mountaineering

Climbing Role Of The Sherpas

Climbing : A Risk Assessment

Economic Disparities

Local Transaction

Loan : Giving And Receiving

Weekly Market

Impact Of Jiri

Reciprocal System

Chapter Five Mankind And Migration

Origin And Migration

Terminology

Population Characteristics

Education

Chapter Six Village Organization And Dietary Pattern

Village

Political Organisation

Material Culture And Their Arrangements

Typology Of The House

Ritual Processes Related To The Construction Of The House

Dresses And Ornaments

Classification Of The Dresses

Concept Of Using Social Dresses

Dietary Pattern

Chapter Seven Alcohol And Culture

Role Of Alcohol

Preperation Of Home Brew

Cultural Names Of Chhyang And Its Ceremonial Uses

Chapter Eight Social Structure And The Axis Of Self

Clan

Family

Kinship

Marriage

Role Of Sexes

Husband-wife Relations

Parent-child Relation

The Axis Of Self

Conception

Delivery

Naming Ceremony

Late Childhood

Illegitimacy And Social Recognition

Ritual Procession Of Marriage

Death

Chapter Nine Religion

Buddhism In Tibet

Archaic World

Insiders And Outsiders

Sacred And Secular Groups

Reincarnate Lama

Collection Of Religious Merit

Religious Sponsorship

Concept Of Religion

Sacred Days

From Secular To Sacred

Altar And Worship

Torma

Chapter Ten God, Spirit And Festivals

Festivals And Ceremonial Rites

Spirit

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Fire of Himal: an anthropological study of the Sherpas of Nepal Himalayan region

Published By: Original publisher Jaipur: Nirala Publications. 1989. 336 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Ramesh Raj Kunwar

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Sherpa (AK06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Topography and geology (133); Pastoral activities (233); Diet (262); Alcoholic beverages (273); Settlement patterns (361); Marriage (580); Clans (614); Community structure (621); Theological systems (779); Prophets and ascetics (792);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Kunwar has written a comparative study of three Sherpa villages, in which he discusses ecology, subsistence, diet, marriage, and village and clan organization. His major focus is the syncretic religion of the Sherpa, a mixture of animism and Buddhism. According to Kunwar, the more archaic animist beliefs persist because of the Sherpas continued close-to-nature way of life. He provides a detailed discussion of the different Buddhist sects and their history and examines some of the changes that have occurred with tourism and mountain climbing. Lamas play an important role in village life and temples and monasteries are important components of social and political organization above the village level.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 16

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ak06-016

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 293-308) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1984-1985

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Anthropologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2002

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1984-1985

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Solukhumba and Dolakha Districts, Nepal

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Sherpa (Nepalese people)

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