Ortner, Sherry B., 1941-. Sherpas through their rituals

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1. Introduction: Some Notes On Ritual

2. The Surface Contours Of The Sherpa World


Social Organization


3. Nyungne: Problems Of Marriage, Family, And Asceticism

The Ritual

The Problems Of The Ritual

Merit Making And Social Atomism

Gods, Parents, And Social Sentiments

Ascetic Ideology And The Crisis Of The Children's Marriages

The Solutions Of The Ritual

The Fostering Of Altruism

Nyungne As Passage To Postparenthood

Ascetic Ideology And Family Structure

4. Hospitality: Problems Of Exchange, Status, And Authority

The Party

The Problems Of Hospitality

The Problem Of Giving And Receiving

The Power Of Food

Problems Of Status, Power, And Authority

The Solutions Of Hospitality

The “empty Mouth” Principle And The Etiquette Of Giving And Receiving

Seating And Joking: The Party As Politics

“civilized” Coercion And The Reproduction Of Hosts

5. Exorcisms: Problems Of Wealth, Pollution, And Reincarnation

The Rituals

The Do Dzongup

The Gyepshi

The Problems Of The Rituals

Demons, Greed, And Social Predation

Pollution, Disintegration Of Self, And Subversion Of The Social Order

Reincarnation Theory And The Social Order

The Solutions Of The Rituals

Exorcisms As Purifications: Reconstituting The Psychic Hierarchy

Rich And Poor: Resynthesizing The Social Hierarchy

Self And Social Order: Dilemma

6. Offering Rituals: Problems Of Religion, Anger, And Social Cooperation

The Ritual Calendar And The Rite Of Offerings

The Problems Of The Ritual

Torma And The Body Problem

Gods, Demons, And The Problem Of Moods

Hospitality, Anger, And Body

The Solutions Of The Ritual

Bodying The Gods

The Molding Of Anger

Hospitality: Mediating Religion And The Social Order

7. Conclusions: Buddhism And Society

The Ritual Mechanism

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Sherpas through their rituals

Published By: Original publisher Cambridge ; London: Cambridge University Press. 1978. 12, 195 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Sherry B. Ortner

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Sherpa (AK06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Functional and adaptational interpretations (182); Visiting and hospitality (574); Burial practices and funerals (764); General character of religion (771); Spirits and gods (776); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Purification and atonement (783); Magic (789); Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph presents a detailed study of three major Sherpa religious rituals -- the NYUNGNE, or atonement of individuals through fasting and silence; the extended set of exorcism rites following a funeral, designed to cleanse pollution from the participants; and the rites of offerings to the gods to insure the continued protection of the community against the demons. Interwoven throughout the discussion of these rituals is the Sherpa concept of hospitality by means of which the gods are fed and praised and petitioned for their on going support. Ortner also attempts to show how the shaping of consciousness takes place through the individuals participation in the rituals. The author's anslysis of the symbolism of the rituals is often highly theoretical and metaphysical in nature and closely tied-in with the dogma and theology of Sherpa Buddhism.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ak06-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 187-189) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1966-1976

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1991

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) General Everest region, Nepal

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Sherpa (Nepalese people)


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