Cohen, Ronald. Dominance and defiance: a study of marital instability in an Islamic African society

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I Theory And Method

Chapter 1 Introduction: Marriage And Divorce As A Theoretical Problem

The Problem And Its Place In Social Theory

Sociological Theories Of Marital Stability

Anthropological Theories Of Marital Stability

Summary And Discussion

Chapter 2 Methodology: The Logic And Techniques Of Enquiry

Method, Technique, And Approach

The Approach

Methodology

Techniques

Sampling

Part Ii The Setting

Chapter 3 Larger Scaled Socio-cultural Environment

Physical Environment

The People: Population Characteristics

Historical Background

Political And Economic Organization

Religion

Dominant Values

Chapter 4 Social Networks Surrounding Marriage: Kinship Groups

Genealogical Relations

Descent Relations

Behavior Norms

Relations To Parents And Their Siblings

Relations To Siblings And Cousins

Relation To Grandparents

Relations To Other Descent Groups

Kinship As Setting And Value

Chapter 5 Social Networks Surrounding Marriage: The Household And Community

Kanuri Households: The Atoms Of Social Structure

Household Size

Household Composition

Processes Of Household Growth And Decline

Modu The Barber Apprentice

Relations Between Households

Part Iii The Ethnography Of Kanuri Marriage

Chapter 6 Marriage Inception: The Socio-cultural Pre-conditions

Marital Prohibitions

Demographic Features Of Marriage Inception

Types Of Marriage Inception

Getting Married

Chapter 7 Dramas Of Dominance: Kanuri Marriage Rituals

The Virgin Wedding

Subsequent Marriages

Obligations To Present Wives

The Meaning Of Marriage Rituals

Chapter 8 Images Of Dominance: Sex And Spouse Roles In Bornu Society

The Islamic Background And Bornu

Survey Results Of Spouse Image

Chapter 9 Married Life: The Playing Out Of Dominance

The Segregation Of Everyday Married Life

The City Wife’s Day

The Rural Woman’s Day

The City Husband’s Day

The Rural Husband’s Day

The Interaction Of Spouses

Summary

Chapter 10 The Dissolution Of Kanuri Marriage

Death

Desertion

Annulment

Divorce

The Divorce Rates

Institutionalized Results Of High Divorce

Part Iv The Analysis Of Divorce

Chapter 11 Sociological Correlates Of Marital Stability

Grievances: Dominance As An Irritant

Conditions For Divorce

Kinship And Divorce

Polygyny

Premarital Relations

The Quality Of The Relationship

Multivariate Analysis

The Variables

The Results

Chapter 12 Psychological Correlates Of Divorce

The Cards

The Sample

The Dependent Variable

Analysis Of The Protocols

Psychological Variables And Marital Stability Measures

Chapter 13 The Prospects And Nature Of Change

Forces Stimulating More And Less Marital Instability

The School Study: Marital Values Among Post Primary School Students In Bornu

Results

The Prospects For Change

Chapter 14 Dominance And Defiance: The Inevitability Of Entropy In Human Affairs

A Theory Of Kanuri Divorce

The Stabilizing Syndrome

The Instability Syndrome

Entropy, Dominance, And Divorce

The Theoretical Relevance Of The Study

Untitled Section: ...

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Dominance and defiance: a study of marital instability in an Islamic African society

Published By: Original publisher Washington, D.C.: American Anthropological Association. 1971. ix, 213 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Ronald Cohen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Kanuri (MS14)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Tests and schedules administered in the field (125); Urban and rural life (369); Status, role, and prestige (554); Gender status (562); Family relationships (593); Basis of marriage (581); Termination of marriage (586);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a study of marriage stability and divorce among the Kanuri of northeastern Nigeria. The divorce rate among the Kanuri is extremely high: 64% of marriages ever contracted end in divorce and 71% of people have been divorced at least once. Cohen uses a questionnaire, student essays and a psychological test to identify the major factors influencing marriage instability. Controlling for gender, urban-rural differences, ethnicity, religion, and socioeconomic status, the author concludes that an ideology of male dominance rooted in Islamic teachings--most manifest in the practice of purdah--combined with societal acceptance and accommodation of divorced women are among the principal influences affecting divorce. Divorce rates are highest in urban areas where households tend to be more wealthier and status-oriented, and housing for divorced women more available. In poorer rural areas, husbands are more dependent on their wives' labor and divorce is less frequent. Cohen sees divorce as a consequence of women's defiance of male dominance.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 6

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ms14-006

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 211-213)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1955-57, 1965-66

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1960s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Borno State, Nigeria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Kanuri (African people)

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