Kresse, Kai. IZIBOBGO -- the political art of praising: poetical socio-regulative discourse in Zulu society

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: IZIBOBGO -- the political art of praising: poetical socio-regulative discourse in Zulu society

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Journal of African cultural studies -- Vol. 11, no.2

Published By: Original publisher Journal of African cultural studies -- Vol. 11, no.2 Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Carfax. 1998. 171-196 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Kai Kresse

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zulu (FX20)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Functional and adaptational interpretations (182); Verbal arts (5310); Personal names (551); Status, role, and prestige (554); Social control (626);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This paper presents Zulu praise-poetry, IZIBONGO, as a genre of fundamental political and socio-regulative relevance, an interpretation which with Zulu society seems to have been continually valid until today [1990s]. The central feature of IZIBONGO in this perspective concerns the ambiguous status of language in praising: in one and the same poem, it can also be used for the sake of public criticism. This is not only due to the logical possibilities of wordplay (i.e. using verbal artistry to ironize etc.) but is also enforced by the principle of 'poetic licence' which applies to most south-east African societies, granting freedom of expression to public statements made in the form of praise poetry.…This principle, in combination with the poet's obligation (a) to paint a full and true picture of the praised and the social life involved, and (b) to contribute to a socially accepted, just progression of social life, leads to IZIBONGO being regarded as documenting and forming a self-descriptive and normative social discourse of Zulu society (p. 171).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 58

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fx20-058

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p.194-196)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 2004

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). ca.1820-1990s

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Zulu (African people)

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