Schoeman, H. S.. A preliminary report on traditional beadwork in the Mhkwanazi area of the Mtunzini District, Zululand

Table of Contents

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A Preliminary Report On Traditional Beadwork In The Mkhwanazi Area Of The Mtunzini District, Zululand

Part One

Introduction

Scope Of The Present Report

Purpose And Method

The Nature Of Mkhwanazi Beadwork

The Significance Of Colour

(a) The Mkhwanazi Colour Conventions

(b) Meanings Associated With Colours

1. White Beads ( Ubuhlalu Obumhlophe )

2. Black Beads ( Ubuhlalu Obumnyama )

3. Royal Blue Beads ( Ubuhlalu Obulijuba )

4. Medium Green Beads ( Ubuhlalu Obuluhlaza )

5. Red Beads ( Ubuhlalu Obubomvu )

6. Yellow Beads ( Ubuhlalu Obuliphuzi )

7. Pink Beads ( Ubuhlalu Obumpofu )

(c) Colour-matching Preferences

The Regulated Use Of Bead Ornaments

A Preliminary Catalogue Of Mkhwanazi Beadwork

A. Ornamentation Of The Head

A/1. Isiphaphalazi (pl. Izi-)

A/2. Umbhama (pl. Imi-) (plates 3 And 3a)

A/3. Imvakazi (pl. Izim-) (plate 4)

A/4. Isambozo (pl. Iz-) (plate 5)

A/5. Ubekelawini (pl. O-) (plate 6)

A/6. Umayibunjane (pl. O-) (plate 7)

A/7. Isiphenethu (pl. Izi-)

A/8. Amacici (sing. Ili-) (plate 8)

A/9. Isizobo (pl. Izi-) (plate 8)

A/10. Imgonqolozi (pl. Imi-)

Part Two

Untitled Section: ...

B. Ornamentation Of The Neck

B/1. Ibheqe (pl. Ama-)

B/2. Umabheqeza (pl. O-) (plate 10)

B/3. Umampapheni (pl. O-) (plate 11)

B/4. Ucu (pl. O-) (plate 12)

B/5. Utate (pl. O-) (plate 14)

B/6. Umamkuzini (pl. O-) (plate 15)

B/7. Ujiza (pl. O-)

B/8. Isiphesheni (pl. Izi-) (plate 16)

B/9. Isihlahla (pl. Izi-) (plate 17)

B/10. Ulimi (pl. Izi-)

B/11. Amaqanda (sing. I(li-)-)

B/12. Icimbi (pl. Ama-)

B/13. Uphondo (pl. Izim-)

B/14. Ishungu (pl. Ama-)

B/15. Umgexo (pl. Imi-) (plate 18)

C. Ornamentation Of The Trunk

C/1. Ineba (pl. Ama-)

C/2. Indawana (pl. Ama-)

C/3. Isikhonamanje (pl. Izi-)

C/4. Ulandela (pl. O-)

C/5. Ifofo (pl. Ama-)

C/6. Isifociya (pl. Izi-)

C/7. Ixhama (pl. Ama-)

D. Ornamentation Of The Waist

D/1. Udidla (pl. O-)

D/2. Imbubu (pl. Izim-)

D/3. Umutsha (pl. Imi-)

D/4. Ibeshu (pl. Ama-)

D/5. Isinene (pl. Izi-)

D/6. Isigege (pl. Izi-)

D/7. Ibeshwana (pl. Ama-)

D/8. Ubivane (pl. O-)

D/9. Ubindlane (pl. O-)

D/10. Utwayibana (pl. O-)

D/11. Ihaqa (pl. Ama-)

D/12. Umgambalazi (pl. -imi)

E. Ornamentation Of The Limbs

E/1. Ingusha (pl. Ama-)

E/2. Idavathi (pl. Ama-)

E/3. Isigqizo (pl. Izi-)

A Summary Of Provisional Findings

1. The Social Character Of Zulu Aesthetics

2. Differences In Attitude And Behaviour

3. The Intricacy Of Coding System In Beadwork

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: A preliminary report on traditional beadwork in the Mhkwanazi area of the Mtunzini District, Zululand

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph African studies -- Vol. 27

Published By: Original publisher African studies -- Vol. 27 Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press. 1968. 57-81, 107-133 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication H. S. Schoeman

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Zulu (FX20)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Ornament (301); Mnemonic devices (211); Decorative art (531); Ethnophysics (822); Arranging a marriage (584); Nuptials (585); Normal garb (291);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This report on Zulu beadwork, in the Mtunzini District represents the first phase of a larger project aimed at inventorying and comparing Zulu beadwork throughout the Zulu area. The author interviewed a number of Zulu beadworkers, especially concerning articles of beadwork he purchased from them. Much Zulu beadwork is color coded to convey messages and a portion of the article is devoted to a discussion of color symbolism and message interpretation. The bulk of the article is devoted to descriptions of beaded articles which the author has classified according to the part of the body on which the article is worn.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 23

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fx20-023

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Eleanor C. Swanson ; 1979

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mhkwanazi area of the Mtunzini District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Zulu (African people)

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