Dumas-Champion, Françoise. Les Masa du Tchad: Bétail et société

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Avant-propos

Introduction

Eléments D'histoire

Mythe D'origine Et Peuplement Des Masa-gumay

Les Structures Traditionnelles Et La Colonisation

I: Le Farana, Communauté De Base Et Unité Politique

La Composition Et Les Fonctions Du Farana

L'unité Territoriale: Nagata

Composition D'un Farana

Les Fonctions Du Farana

L'espace Habité

L'enclos Et La Vie Domestique

La Famille Et Son Patrimoine

Ii: La Structure Politique Et La Logique Des Conflits

Le Vol De Bétail

Le Recours À L'ordalie

Gunna

Halafna

L'intervention Du Chef De Terre

Le Recours À La Guerre

Les Unités De Combat

Zugulla: Yuna/della

Voknà

Exemple De Kumi-bugudang

Nagata Bugudang

Nagata Dulang

Nagata Zalian

Nagata Orey

Nagata Gurfey

L'organisation Guerrière

La Vengeance Et Les Rituels De L'homicide

Ensevelissement De La Victime

Vengeance Des Parents De La Victime

Réclusion Du Meurtrier

Guerre Et Exogamie

Iii: Le Pastoralisme Et Les Relations Sociales Liées Au Bétail

La Gestion Du Troupeau

Le Guruna

Guru-fatna

Guru-θagamna

Guru-walla

Guru-sarmana

Le Golla

Iv: Parenté Et Alliance

Appellations Et Attitudes Des Consanguins

La Relation Avunculaire

Appellations Et Attitudes Des Affins

Les Relations Gendre/belle-mère

Les Relations Bru/beaux-parents

Les Prohibitions Matrimoniales

Le Mariage

Les Rencontres Entre Alliés

«la Vache Du Choix», Putta Gabna

«le Mouton De La Parole», Huma Lawnà

«la Chèvre De La Mère», Huta Sumna

«les Vaches De La Dot», Luey Ma Dumna

La Parodie D'enlèvement

Les Règles De L'échange Matrimonial

V: La Fonction Rituelle Du Bétail

Le Troupeau Sacrificiel

Les Animaux Porteurs De Souillure (yawna)

Les Funérailles Et La Circulation Du Bétail

Tiina, Les «pleurs»

Mu-čawna, Les Rites De Séparation

Tiina Tokna, Les «pleurs Du Rassemblement»

Les Dons En Bétail Et La Constitution Du Troupeau Funèbre

La «bière Du Rassemblement» Dolima Tokna

La Redistribution Des Dons

Conclusion

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Les Masa du Tchad: Bétail et société

Published By: Original publisher Cambridge ; New York ; Paris: Cambridge University Press ; Maison des sciences de l'homme. 1983. 276 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Françoise Dumas-Champion

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2020. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Masa (FI21)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Domesticated animals (231); Settlement patterns (361); Athletic sports (526); Status, role, and prestige (554); Mode of marriage (583); Community structure (621); Instigation of war (721);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This major ethnography focuses on the institution of the cattle-tending group, which also serves as the basic sociopolitical unit above the household. While most members of a cattle-tending group belong to one lineage, outsiders can join as long as they follow its norms and regulations. The groups play a role in the main agricultural ceremonies and festivals, marked by dancing and wrestling. Preliminary to the festivals, young men partake in so-called milk cures to gain weight.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fi21-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in French

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 261-266) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1973-1980

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2020

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1973-1980

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mayo-Kebbi Est region, Chad

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Masa (African people)--Social life and customs//Cattle--Religious aspects//Cattle--Chad--Folklore

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