Smith, M. G. (Michael Garfield). Secondary marriage in northern Nigeria

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Secondary marriage in northern Nigeria

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Africa -- Vol. 23, No. 4

Published By: Original publisher Africa -- Vol. 23, No. 4 London: Oxford University Press. 1953. 298-323 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication M. G. Smith

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2015. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Katab (FF38)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Sociocultural trends (178); Marriage (580); Localized kin groups (618); Inter-community relations (628); External relations (648); Legal norms (671); Theological systems (779);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is a look at marriage practices among the Kagoro and Kadara (FF34). The author makes the case that marriages play an important role along with religious rituals in maintaining social organization. Both groups are organized into localized, exogamous patrilineages, several of which can reside in the same village. A group of villages form a community that shares religious activities. There are three types of marriage: betrothal, widow-inheritance, and so-called "secondary marriage." Betrothal most often occurs between lineages living in the same community, and involves bride payment and service. In widow-inheritance, a man may inherit the wife of his real or classificatory brother, or the wife of his maternal or paternal grandfather. Secondary marriage occurs when a wife deserts her husband to live with another man. The first marriage is never annulled and the wife may in fact return to him at some point, or go live with yet another man. Such marriages are forbidden between members of the same community or lineage. One form of secondary marriage practiced by the Kagoro is wife-abduction between communities. The Kagoro distinguish between three types of marriageable relationships between groups: those that can intermarry ([n]niendi[/n]), those that cannot intermarry ([n]bin[/n]), and those that cannot intermarry but between which wife abduction is permitted ([n]nendwang[/n]).

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 8

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ff38-008

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1950

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2012

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1926-1950

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) north-central Nigeria

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Katab (African people)

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