Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Ganay, Solange de
Granka, Sherri L.
Published By: Original publisher
Paris: Institut 'Ethnologie. 1941 [i. e. 1942]. HRAF MS:
i, 218 leaves [original: viii, 194 p.] ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
Solange de Ganay
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Literary texts (539);
Status, role, and prestige (554);
Spirits and gods (776);
Sacred objects and places (778);
Prayers and sacrifices (782);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This monograph is part of a series of ethnographic works on
the Dogon of the Bandiagara Escarpment in the French Sudan based on data collected during
the expeditions of Marcel Griaule (Dakar-Djibouti, 1931-1933; Sahara-Sudan, 1935;
Sahara-Cameroon, 1936-1937) and Lebaudy-Griaule (Niger-Lake Iro, 1938-1939). In other
sources in this file, notably 8: Griaule and 11: Dieterlen, the concepts of the soul
(kikinu), the vital force (nyama), the ancestors, and other supernatural powers were
explored in terms of their effects on the Dogon individual personality. Here, going one
step further, the intrinsic values of the personality are discussed in this study of Dogon
mottoes or tiges, a general reference to the title or proclamation of quality of an
individual or object. Although the concept itself is often applied to supernatural beings,
the dead, plants and animals, certain geographical locations, natural phenomena, and
generally with everything that is considered as a carrier of vital force (nyama), the main
emphasis in this source is on the tiges of man whether as individuals or as a group. Like
the nyama the tige is a constant element which is transferred from one member to another
within the nani or respondent line. When applied to humans the tige is more than a simple
motto or title, but an expression of quality – an “effectual phrase” which ties individuals
to one another in the past, the present and to some extent in future acts (p. 188). The
discussion of the various aspects of the tige as outlined above occupies the major bulk of
the source, with explanations often bordering on the metaphysical.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
English translation from French
Translation of: Les devises des Dogons|The original
French text is not included |Works cited in the text are not mentioned in the Bibliography
Includes bibliographical references (p. 204-205) Translated for the HRAF files by Sherri L.
Granka Data dealing with individual tiges have been indexed generally for Status, Role, and
Prestige (554); on tiges associated with localities or tribes, for Cultural Identity and
Pride (1860) and Place Names (103); in reference to supernatural beings, for Prayers and
Sacrifices (782) and Spirits and Gods (776); and for animals and plants, for Ethnobotany
(824) and Ethnozoology (825).
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle ; 1988
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Bandiagara Circle, Mopti Region, Mali
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Dogons (African people)