Dieterlen, Germaine. The souls of the Dogons

Table of Contents

Publication Information

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Foreword

Outline

Historical Note

Chapter I The Myths, The Migrations, The Founding Of Villages.

A. — The Myths.

Creation And Order Of The World.

Appearance Of Death.

I. — Among The Andoumboulou.

Ii. — Among Men.

Celebration Of The First Sigui.

Contagion Of Death.

Celebration Of The Second Sigui.

Institution Of The Dama.

B. — The Migrations.

Dyon Tribe.

Ono Tribe.

Arou Tribe.

C. - The Founding Of Villages.

Region Of Guimini.

Pelou (3) .

Vézé.

Ouolo Ouolo (1) .

Dyoubeyrou.

Yami.

Sibisibi.

Koloundanga.

Sokolo.

Dyombolo.

Bandiagara.

Songo.

Koporokényé Pey.

Tina.

Oropa.

Gué Oulou.

Koummo Ogorou (1) .

Nombori (2) .

Amani.

Yayé.

Iréli.

Pêguê.

Sanga (2) .

Sanga-du-haut.

Sanga-du-bas.

Banani.

Nini.

Koundou.

Yougo.

Other Version On The Foundation Of Youga Na.

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Yendoumman.

Mendéli.

Wazouba.

Orosongo.

Bolomo.

Salou.

Onndom.

Amala.

Ouéré.

Tébélé.

Damasongo.

Yanda.

Anana (2) .

Bamba.

Bamba-du-haut.

Bamba-du-bas.

Kaça (kassa On The Maps) (1) .

Sadégué.

Mori.

Yoro.

Guiri.

Dina Ogorou.

Yemdourou.

Douna.

Koundyaga.

Kassonwa.

Douentza.

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Asakarba (1) .

Gono.

Massif Of Sarignéré.; Nyemguéné (4) .

Koyo.

Tandi (2) .

Massif Of Tabi.; Tabi (5) .

Toupélé (8) .

Téga (1) .

Massif Of Ouronguérou.; Prinnga.

Chapter Ii The Personality.

Composition Of The Nyama.

Normal Development Of The Nyama.

Preservation Of The Nyama.

Augmentation Of The Nyama

Qualitative Variations Of The Nyama.

Permanent States.

Temporary States.

State Of Mãgu

Chapter Iii Death

Departure Of The Soul

The Slitting Of The Soul's Throat By The God Amma

The Soul During The Funeral Ceremonies

Funerals For Women. (1)

The Soul During The Time Of Mourning

The Soul During The Dama

Women's Dama.

Funeral And Dama For A Child

Voyage Of The Soul

Chapter Iv The Nani

Definition

Designation

Transmission Of The Nyama

Consecration Of The Nani

State And Function Of The Nani

Cult Of The Nani

Chapter V The Ancestors

The Men's Altars

The Ginna And The Wagem

Transmission Of The Ginna: The Patriarch

Use Of The Ginna

A) Birth

1) Ginene (2) (twins)

2) Kunyu

B) Death

The Tire Ginu And The Anayimung.

Annual Sacrifices

A) Bago Di

B) Wagem Bulu.

Occasional Services.

A) Hunting.

B) Illnesses.

C) Quarrels.

Women's Altars.

Notes On The Ancestral Altars In The Neighboring Regions Of Sanga.

Guimini.

Guini Kou.

Konsangou-du-bas.

Koummo Ogorou.

Nini.

Néguérou.

Banani.

Yougo Na.

Nongo-du-haut.

Yougo Dogorou.

Wazouba.

Ouroli Tenné.

Onndom.

Onndom-du-haut.

Guinékanda.

Ouéré.

Damasongo.

Yanda.

Yanda-du-haut.

Ongon.

Kongodonno.

Kommaga.

Ogolou Pépey.

Yanda Songo.

Guinédia.

Anana.

Gonogo.

Bamba.

Daga Tonou.

Daga Guélou.

Andabagou.

Déguéré-du-haut.

Orobannogou.

Siguérou.

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Batembé.

Irékanda.

Temmésagourou.

Bamba Tènné.

Irébanou-du-bas.

Dyndyolou.

Kaca.

Bèdou.

Bèda.

Saou.

Sadégué

Sadégué-du-haut.

Sadégué-du-bas.

Mori.

Chapter Vi Harmful Souls.

Adults.

Death Occurring In The Bush.

Death Occurring In Battle (3).

Death By Lightning.

Death Occurring Through Assassination.

Death Through Fire.

Peculiar Deaths.

Death Of A Woman In Childbirth.

Death Occurring During The Menstrual Period.

Death Of A Pregnant Woman.

I. — Funeral Ceremonies And Dama.

2. — Variations In The Funeral Ceremonies.

3. — Worship.

A) Annual Sacrifice.

B) Individual Sacrifices.

4. — Use Of Certain Ritual Objects.

Children.

Miscarriage.

Stillborn.

Death Of A Newborn.

Death Of A Virgin Child.

Death Of A Dwarf.

Chapter Vii The Mythical Ancestors.

I. — Cult Of The Great Mask.

Regular Sacrifices.

Occasional Sacrifices.

Agents.

1. — Olubaru.

2. — Yasigine.

Ii. — Cult Of The Binou.

Priest Of The Binou.

Installation And Role.

2) Death And Funeral Ceremonies.

Iii. — Cult Of The Lébé.

The Myths: The Founding Of Altars.

The Cult.

The Hogon.

1) Installation And Role.

2) Death And Funeral Ceremonies.

Iv. — Cult Of The God Amma.

Amma Priestess.

1) Installation And Role.

2) Death And Funerals

Priest Of Amma

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The souls of the Dogons

Published By: Original publisher Paris: Institut d'Ethnologie. 1941 [i.e. 1942]. HRAF MS: i, 307 p. [original: viii, 314 p.] ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Germaine Dieterlen

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2000. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Dogon (FA16)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Animism (774); Eschatology (775); Spirits and gods (776); Prayers and sacrifices (782); Cult of the dead (769); Priesthood (793); Congregations (794);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The present work is part of a series of studies utilizing the various ethnographic documents collected in the French Sudan during the Griaule missions of 1931-1939, and concentrating on the Dogon of the Cliffs of Bandiagara. During the course of these expeditions a thorough analysis was made of the religious institutions of the Dogon with particular reference to the concept of nyama, the vital force within all animate and sometimes inanimate things. This study delves into the intricacies of the nyama concepts - its acquisition, relationship to the persona, to the world of the ancestors, and perhaps, most important of all, to the kikinu say, the soul. In the first chapter of this work the author summarizes various myths, already published in ‘Masques Dogons’, (see 8: Griaule, this file), as a framework and guide to Dogon religious concepts which she believes is necessary for an understanding of the cults described in the text. This is followed by a brief history of the migration of the Dogon into the area. With the location of the Dogon in time and place established, Dieterlen proceeds to discuss the notion of the individual soul. In chapter 2 she attempts to show how the individual's “personality” links him to supernatural powers and to the ancestors described in the myths, while at the same time tieing him to the land, to towns, and to the present-day society. Chapter 3 of this work treats death and the human reactions to death involving the separation of the soul from the body and its sojourn thereafter. Despite the departure of the soul, contact is maintained with the living through the office of the nani or respondent, a lineal descendant, who offers personal worship to the soul which the Dogon believe will help it to travel the course it must take in the afterworld. The various ramifications of this relationship are discussed in chapter 4. Chapter 5 deals primarily with the altars on which sacrifices are made to the ancestors, and on the nature of the sacrifices themselves. In chapter 6, the discussion turns to specific cases of souls belonging to deceased individuals with specific conditions that modify their status, while chapter 7 deals specifically with the souls of the priests of the various religious cults. The conclusion, pp. 277-281, summarizes the present state of knowledge on the Dogon concept of the soul and suggests new prospective inquiries which hopefully would contribute further explanations necessary for the understanding of the Dogon.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 11

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. fa16-011

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from French

Note: Translation of: Les âmes des Dogons|The original French text is not included Translated for the HRAF files by Sherri L. Granka

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1937-1939

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1987

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1936-1939

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Sanga area, Bandiagara Circle, Mopti Region, Mali

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Dogons (African people)

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