Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941. Peguche, canton of Otavalo, province of Imbabura: a study of Andean Indians

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Ecuador

Chapter Ii Peguche

Chapter Iii Technology And Material Culture

Chapter Iv Family And Personal Life

Applications Of Kinship Terms

Courtesy Terms

Age Class Terms

Early Life


Betrothal And Wedding

Sickness And Curing

Death And Burial

Chapter V Religion


Chapter Vi Calendar

Kings' Day (“dia De Los Reyes”)

“semana Santa”

“prioste De Pascua”

Santa Lucila's Day At Peguche, Tuesday, March 26

Santa Rosa's Day Celebrated By Muende “prioste” In Otavalo, Saturday, April 6

Mass For San Francisco By The Parcialidad Of San Juan, April 9

Corpus Cristi

San Juan's Day, June 21

All Souls 45

Weekly Calendar

Chapter Vii Ritual


Kiss: Kneeling

Circuit: Orientation: Favored Numerals

Dance Formation

Procession: Saint's Trestle



Roadside Ritual

Cleansing (“limpiarse”) 41 Or Exorcism

Confession 50

Eating And Drinking: Drunkenness

Chapter Viii Lore And Tales

Divination And Omens




Imbabura Visits Cotacachi 13

The Mountains Play Ball 17

The Inheritance Of The Mountains And Hills 24

The Giant And The Lakes 29

Variant 33

The Origin Of The Laguna De San Pablo 34

The Man On The White Horse 35

Rainbow Seduces 39

Chipicha 41

Variant 47

Spirits Of Music And Drunkenness 53

Led Astray By A Spirit

I 54

Ii 55

Iii 57

Mule-women 61

The Girl Who Turned Into A Mule 63

Man-fox (“runa Atoc”)

I 64

Ii 66

How Hawk Is Paid 67

Frog Quarrels With Beetle Old Man 68

Buzzard (“gallinazo”) 71

Bear Old Man Steals A Woman 72

The Lady And The Cat 77

A Witch Dies 79

A Bad Death 83


Ii 86

The Robber Of Tiopullo 87

Three Robbers 90

Adam And Eve 92

The Jesus Child Lays A Curse 95

Jesucristo Ordains 100

Devil Bridegroom 101

Briars For Beans: A Stone For A Goat 102

Chapter Ix In Peguche Houses
















Chapter X Provenience Of Traits

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Peguche, canton of Otavalo, province of Imbabura: a study of Andean Indians

Published By: Original publisher Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1945. i-viii, 1-182, 217- 225 p., 40 plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Elsie Clews Parsons

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Otavalo Quichua (SD16)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Household (592); Visiting and hospitality (574); Alcoholic beverages (273); Congregations (794); Verbal arts (5310); Normal garb (291); Spirits and gods (776); Magical and mental therapy (755);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This work, written by a well-known ethnologist, presents a detailed study of the Ecuadorian Highland Indians living in the village of Peguche, Otavalo Canton, Imbabura Province. Much of this information was obtained by the author through her principal informant, Rosita Lema. Supplementary data were gathered on Indian-White contacts and on various aspects of acculturation from the author's observations in the town of Otavalo, where she stayed during the period of her field work (Feb.-Mar. 1940, Sept.-Nov. 1941). Ethnographic data in the source relate to technology and material culture, family and personal life, religion, the ceremonial calendar, rituals, folktales and folklore, and a listing of cultural traits that have persevered relatively unchanged from pre-Spanish times, those that have been adopted from the Spanish, and those that show distinct parallels with other ethnic groups--Jivaro, Inca, modern Peruvians, Canelo and Napo River Indians.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sd16-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 217-219)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1940-1941

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1983

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1940-1941

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Peguche, Canton of Otavalo, Imbabura Province, Ecuador

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Otavalo Indians


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