Krause, Fritz,1881-1963. In the wilderness of Brazil: report and results of the Leipzig Araguaia Expedition of 1908

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Untitled Section: ...

Second Part: Scientific Findings

Historical Review

I. The Karajá.

1. Anthropological Data.

2. Dwelling Sites, Arrangement, Number.

3. House And Village.

4. Clothing.

5. Ornamentation.

A. Ornamentation On The Body Itself.

B. Different Ornamentation According To Sex And Age (distinguishing Ornamentation)

C. Other Ornamentation.

6. Food.

A. The Acquisition Of Plant Food.

B. The Acquisition Of Animal Food.

C. Storage And Preparation Of Food.

D. Eating.

E. Beverages.

F. Food Prohibitions.

G. Luxuries.

7. Weapons For War, Hunting, Fishing.

8. Means Of Transportation And Communication.

9. Trade, Money, Measures.

10. Techniques

11. Play And Sport

Children's Toys

Sport And Physical Abilities

12. Music

13. Political Conditions

14. Marriage, Birth, Education, Death

15. Religion, Masks, Magic, Medicine

16. Knowledge Of Arithmetic, Astronomy, And Geography

17. The Language

18. Myths

The Creation Myth

(according To Kurisí: As His Mother Told It.)

(as Told By Cadete Chico.)

How The Karajá Acquired Manioc

(as Told By Kuriší)

The Howling Monkeys (āzṍ Wōbūrắ ).

(according To Kuriši.)

Shorter Version

Ii. The Šavajé

1. Historical

2. Dwelling Sites.


4. House And Village.

5. Clothing And Ornamentation.

6. Food.

7. Concerning The Weapons,

8. Transportation And Communication.

9. The Techniques Are Even More Primitive Than Those Of The Karajá; In Fact,

10. As Children's Toys,

11. Musical Instruments Are Also Very Rare Among The Šavajé.

12. Political And Social.

Iv. The Tapirapé.

1. Historical.

2. Information Obtained .

3. Observations In Karajá Villages.

4. Observations In Tapirapé Territory.

Untitled Section: ...


Remarks On The Maps.

Untitled Section: ...

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: In the wilderness of Brazil: report and results of the Leipzig Araguaia Expedition of 1908

Published By: Original publisher Leipzig: R. Voigtländers Verlag. 1911. HRAF ms: i-viii, 1-374 p. [original: viii, 512 p., 69 plates] ill., maps [incomplete]

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Fritz Krause

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2018. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Karajá (SP09)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Descriptive somatology (142); History (175); Animal by-products (237); Mats and basketry (285); Woven and other interworked fabrics (286); Ornament (301); Personal grooming (302); Body alterations (304); Ceramic technology (323); Settlement patterns (361); Weapons (411); General tools (412); Utensils (415); Exchange transactions (437); Games (524); Decorative art (531); Representative art (532); Musical instruments (534); Literary texts (539); Community heads (622); Burial practices and funerals (764); Sorcery (754); Medical therapy (757);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This ethnography opens with a critical review of the historical literature on the Karajá. Next, the three "tribal" subgroups are distinguished (the Karajá proper, the Javahé (Šavajé), and the Shambioá (Šambioá), indicating for each their nomenclature, location, and distribution. The Karajá proper are subdivided into North and South hordes, manifesting a degree of cultural difference. Regarding social organization, information is presented on the role of village chiefs, legal norms and sanctions, status distinctions, forms of greeting, and inter-tribal relations involving trade, warfare, and the treatment of captives. A highlight is the pattern of inter-village relations in which a visit must commence with a wrestling match between the men of the two villages. Some aspects of the life cycle are also covered, including marriage, sex, family relations, pregnancy and birth, the care, activities and status of children, and death and burial. Additional data are given on population, settlement patterns and settlement plans, the subsistence economy and food patterns, trade and exchange transactions, division of labor, technology and crafts, magic, sorcery, magical therapy, folk medicine and morbidity, and Karajá knowledge and opinions of a number of surrounding tribes.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 5

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sp09-005

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Component part(s), monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English translation from German

Note: Translation of: [In den Wildnissen Brasiliens; Bericht und Ergebnisse der Leipziger Araguaya-Expedition 1908] Translated for the HRAF files by Frieda Schütze|Not processed for the Files: description of the expedition and its travels on pages 1-170, except for Plates 7-22, and 28-35 and the text illustrations 1-2 and 4-16, which pertain to the Caraja or Tapirape; and pages 368-402 and 461-468, which deal with the Northern Cayape.|Not translated for the Files: the appendix on pages 413-460 and 469-482, and the index on pages 469-512; see category 116 for foreign text

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1908

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Robert O. Lagacé ; 1966

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1908

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) middle Rio Araguaia basin, central Brazil

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Caraja Indians


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