Jackson, Jean E. (Jean Elizabeth), 1943-. The fish people: linguistic exogamy and Tukanoan identity in northwest Amazonia

Table of Contents

Publication Information

1. Purpose And Organization Of The Book

Social Identity

Regional Perspective


Ideal And Real

Final Remarks

2. Introduction To The Central Northwest Amazon

Ecological Setting

The Population

Language And Linguistics

Ethnic History

Early Explorer And Missionary Efforts

Early And Recent Ethnographic Descriptions

The Makú

A Note On Acculturation

3. The Longhouse

The Setting

The People Of Púmanaka Buro

The Longhouse Structure

Outside The Longhouse

Inside The Longhouse

Significance Of The Longhouse

4. Economic And Political Life

Daily Patterns

The River

The Forest

Cultivated Foods

Cultivation In The Vaupés.

The Importance Of Food.

Exchange In General



5. Vaupés Social Structure

The Settlement

The Sib

The Language Group

The Phratry

Regional Integration And Interaction Between Settlements

6. Kinship

Kinship Terminology

Expectations And Behavior

Specific Kinship Roles

Parents And Offspring.

Uncles, Aunts, Nephews, And Nieces.


Grandparents And Grandchildren.

Mehkó-mahkú/-ó: Cross-cousins.

Pahkó-mahkú/-ó: Matrilateral Parallel Cousins.


Fictive And Ceremonial Kinship.

7. Marriage

Principles Of Marriage

Direct Exchange And Polygamy.

Kinship Relations Between Spouses.

Residential Exogamy.

Language Group Exogamy.


Marriage Behavior

Mythological References To Marriage Behavior And Expectations.


8. Tukanoans And Makú

Background To The Makú

Tukanoan Attitudes Toward The Makú

Interaction Between Tukanoans And Makú

Makú As Symbol To Tukanoans


9. The Role Of Language And Speech In Tukanoan Identity

Vaupés Language And Speech As Badges Of Identity

How Vaupés Languages Assume Features Of The Nonlinguistic Environment

Phratries: Language Distance.

Language Groups: Linguistic Discreteness.

Sibs: Linguistic Proficiency.

The Importance Of Language In Tukanoan Culture

10. Male And Female Identity

Relations Between Men And Women

Food Production.

Domestic Roles.

Roles Of Wife And Husband.

Roles As Parents.

Male And Female Sexuality.


11. Tukanoans’ Place In The Cosmos



Sorcery And Disease.



The Tukanoan World

Levels Of The Universe.

The Heavens.

Important Places And Features Of The Landscape.



12. Tukanoans And The Outside World

Extractive Industries


The Colombian Government




13. Conclusions: Themes In Tukanoan Social Identity

Types Of Comparisons

Themes Associated With Social Identity

A Note On Types Of Evidence

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The fish people: linguistic exogamy and Tukanoan identity in northwest Amazonia

Published By: Original publisher Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983. xix, 287 p.: ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Jean E. Jackson

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tukano (SQ19)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Speech (191); Linguistic identification (197); Regulation of marriage (582); Mode of marriage (583); Clans (614); Phratries (615); Tribe and nation (619);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book is primarily a study of the Bará or Fish People, one of several Tukanoan groups living in the Colombian Northwest Amazon. These people '...form part of an unusual network of intermarrying local communities scattered along the rivers of the region. Each community belongs to one of sixteen different groups that speak sixteen different languages, and marriages must take place between people not only from different communities but with different primary languages. In a network of this sort, which defies the usual label of 'tribe', social identity assumes a distinct and unusual configuration. In this book, Jean Jackson's incisive discussions of Bará marriage, kinship, spatial organization, and other features of the social and geographic landscape show how Tukanoans (as participants in the network are collectively known) conceptualize and tie together their universe of widely scattered communities, and how an individual's identity emerges in terms of relations with others' (back cover). Also discussed in the text are the effects of the Tukanoan's increasing dependency on the national and global political economy and their decreasing sense of self-worth and cultural autonomy.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 12

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sq19-012

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 259-272) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1968-1970

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1996

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1968-1970

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Bará Indians, Pumanaka buro, Vaupés region, central area, Colombian northwest Amazon

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tukano Indians


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