Goldman, Irving, 1911-. The Cubeo: Indians of the Northwest Amazon

Table of Contents

Publication Information


Culture Change

1 The Cubeo Community

The Community




The Maloca

The Factor Of Coresidence

The Community Of The River


2 Economic Life

Ecological Setting










The Economic System

3 The Sib

The Sib And Phratric Organization

Phratry I

Phratry Ii

Phratry Iii

Unidentified Sibs

The Borówa

Bahúkiw A Narrative Of Their Emergence And Wanderings

Free Translation

4 Kinship

Brother-sister Relationship

Parent-child Relationship

Grandparent-grandchild Relationship


The Affinal Group

Orphans And Stepchildren

Ceremonial Friendship

Kinship Terms

Ceremonial Friendship Terms

5 Marriage

6 Leadership And Authority

Insignia Of Status


Law And Justice

Warfare (bwaíno)

7 Development Of The Individual

Birth And Infancy



Sex Life

Position Of The Aged


Funeral Oration By A Son

Funeral Oration By A Widow

Funeral Remarks Of A Phratry Visitor

Reply By A Son

8 The Ancestor Cult

9 The Drinking Party

10 The Mourning Ceremony

The Masks

Mask Representations

The Minnows

Xudjíko And Xudjíkü

The Sib Units

Organization Of The Óyne

Mythological Basis Of The Óyne

Ritual Themes In The Óyne

The Men’s Side

Formal Ritualistic Elements

11 Religion

Human Spirits

The Concept Of Power

12 Conclusion: Principles And Patterns

Linkage And Autonomy

Lateral And Hierarchical Relationships




Patterning Of Mood

Over - All Pattern

Social Homeostasis


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Cubeo: Indians of the Northwest Amazon

Published By: Original publisher Urbana , Illinois: University of Illinois Press. 1963. x, 305 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Irving Goldman

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1998. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Tukano (SQ19)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Fishing (226); Vegetable production (244); Settlement patterns (361); Visiting and hospitality (574); Clans (614); Community structure (621); Mourning (765); Cult of the dead (769);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This book was written after ten months' field work among the Cubeo (a Tucano subgroup living on the Vaupés River) during the years 1939-1940. The author was 'adopted' into the household of the headman of the Bahúkiwa sib, and much of the data presented pertains to this sib. At the time of Goldman's study, there were about 2500 Cubeo left with outside acculturative influences at a minimum, but since that time with the wartime rubber boom and with increased missionizing and colonizing activities, the population has dropped to around the 1000 mark, with the younger generation rapidly becoming acculturated. Emphasis in this work is on social structure and ceremonial patterns, with the remainder of the source providing a framework for the author's analysis. There is an introductory chapter on the Cubeo community, followed by chapters on economic life, the sib, kinship and marriage, leadership and authority, development of the individual, the ancestor cult, the mourning ceremony and religion. The introduction presents data on the general physical and cultural characteristics of the Northwest Amazon region, with a survey of its principal tribes. The final chapter presents his structural analysis of Cubeo society in which he attempts to depict not only what is Cubeo in content, but also to lay the bases for two successively broader typological characterizations, the tropical forest economics of South America as a whole, and 'simple' horticultural economics in general.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 5

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sq19-005

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 295-297) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1939-1940

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle ; 1969

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1939-1940

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Cubeo Indians; Vaupés River region, Colombia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tucano Indians


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