Murphy, Robert Francis, 1924-1990. The Trumaí Indians of central Brazil

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Trumaí Indians of central Brazil

Published By: Original publisher Locust Vally, N.Y.: J. J. Augustin. [1955]. xii,108 p. ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Robert F. Murphy and Buell Quain

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Trumai (SP23)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Tillage (241); Vegetable production (244); Fishing (226); Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Settlement patterns (361); Collecting (222); Dwellings (342); Weapons (411); Normal garb (291); Inter-ethnic relations (629); Regulation of marriage (582); Exchange transactions (437); Labor and leisure (461); Real property (423); Extended families (596); Nuclear family (594);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This brief but well organized monograph on the Trumaí Indians of the Upper Xingu River area in Brazil is a posthumous analysis and interpretation of Quain's field notes of 1938 by an equally competent fellow anthropologist, Murphy. It contains keen analyses of the personality, ethos, life cycle, and interpersonal attitude and behavior of the Trumaí, and adequate but less extensive accounts of their material culture and religion. This source mainly relies on the data gathered by intensive participant observation techniques but is also supplemented by library research of Murphy. Although Quain did not learn the Trumaí language until he reached the field and could not therefore use systematic interview techniques to gather his data, his keen perception, sophisticated observation techniques, and cordial relations with the natives resulted in interesting and seemingly reliable data on psycho-cultural aspects of the Trumaí people. Both Quain and Murphy frequently comment on possible bias of their data when there was any doubt about its reliability as well as on the natives' reactions to the ethnographer, which are helpful in interpreting data. This is one of the few sources available on the Trumaí, a disappearing culture, and may be the best on the social structure of the Trumaí.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sp23-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 107-108)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1938

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologists-4,5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Hesung Chun Koh ; 1965

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1884-1955

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Trumaí village, Culuene (Kuluene) river and general headwaters of the Xingu, central Mato Grosso state, Brazil

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Trumaí Indians/Indians of South America--Brazil

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