Hilger, M. Inez (Mary Inez), 1891. Araucanian child life and its cultural background

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I The Araucanians Of Chile

Introduction

Prenatal Factors

Sterility And Fertility

Size Of Families

Prenatal Period

Period Of Gestation

Abortions

Sex Preference And Sex Prediction

Rebirth

Food And Conduct Taboos

Childbirth, And Care Of Mother And Newborn Baby

Place Of Birth, Attendants, Persons Present, Procedure, Celebration, Fumigation, Recording The Birth

Stillbirths

Navel Cord

Secundines, Placenta, Caul

Sterilizing Eyes Of Newborn Baby

Fontanels, Head Shaping, Beautifying The Face

The Mother's Bath, The Baby's Bath

Postnatal Interests

Ear Piercing, Body Decorations

“talcum Powder,” Diapers

Cradle, Transporting Baby, Hammock

Lullabies

Teething, Creeping, Walking, Talking, Laughing

First Clothes

Nursing, Weaning

Atypical Conditions

Multiple Births

Incest, Illegitimacy

Deformed Children, Sick Baries, Infanticide

Color Blindness, Left-handedness, Speech Defects

Adoptions, Servants, Slaves

Names

Naming A Child, Origin Of Names, Personal Names

Surnames

Nicknames

The Family

Status In The Community

Husband—wife Relationship, Parent—child Relationship, Brother—sister Relationship

Children's Behavior

Bathing, Care And Dressing Of The Hair, Personal Appearance

Friendships, Leadership, Joviality

The Senses Of The Child

Courtesy, Sharing, Obedience

Pride, Jealousy, Boasting, Tale Bearing, Ambition

Teasing, Quarreling, Using “bad Words,” Temper Tantrums

Stealing, Intoxication

Absence Of Puberty Rites, Modesty

Adult Behavior

Bathing, Care And Dressing Of The Hair, Personal Adornments, Personal Appearance

Friendships

Courtesy, Hospitality, Helpfulness

Pride, Patience, Modesty

Quarreling, Anger, Imprecations, Murder, Revenge, Suicide, Cannibalism

Theft, Intoxication

Teaching The Child

Instructors

Methods Of Instruction

Incentives And Compulsions

Present-day Formal Education

Mental Training

Language

Oratory

Counting

Measurement Of Time

Prediction Of Weather

Natural Phenomena

Directions

Signaling

Measurements: Linear, Surface, Quantity, Weight, Distance

Diversions

Visiting And Conversation, Stories, Smoking

Music, Dances, Songs

Games

Toys, Imitative Play, Pets

Swimming, Horseback Riding, Shooting

Health

Omens Of Sickness, Causes Of Ill Health, Preventives Of Ill Health

The Kalku, The Machi

The Machitun: A Treatment Of The Sick

Treatment Of The Sick By Herbalists And Lay Persons

Mental Illness

Marriage

Polygamy, Monogamy

Cross-cousin Marriage, Preferential Marriages, Marriage Prohibitions, Sororate, Levirate

Age And Qualities Of Partners

Choice Of Mate, Marriage Ceremonial

Love Charms

Divorce, Separation, Desertion, Infidelity

In-law Taboos, Joking Relationships

Religion And Supernatural Powers

The Supreme Being, His Abode

Private Personal Prayer, Personal Supernatural Powers

Malignant Spirits, Their Abode

The Nillatun: Tribal Religious Ceremonial

Black Art

Conjuring

Omens

Death, And Belief In Life After Death

Omens Of Death

Causes Of Death

Death

The Wake And Burial

The Eternal Abode

Mourning

Tribal Government

Political Unit And The Cacique

Law And Order

Franchise And Taxes

Land, Subsistence, And Trade

Land Tenure

Agriculture And Horticulture

Domesticated Animals, Grazing

Hunting, Trapping, Fishing, Collecting Seafoods

Transportation

Trade, Exchange, And Currency

Food, Shelter, Clothing

Cookery, Implements, Food, Meals

The Ruka: Construction, Lighting, Furnishings, Storage

Clothing

Domestic Handicrafts

Spinning, Dyeing, Weaving

Basketry

Pottery Making

Silversmithing

Summary

Part Ii The Araucanians Of Argentina

Introduction

Prenatal Factors

Sterility And Fertility

Size Of Families

Prenatal Period

Period Of Gestation

Sex Preference

Sex Prediction

Rebirth

Prenatal Food And Conduct Taboos

Childbirth, And Care Of Mother And Newborn Baby

Place Of Birth, Attendants, Persons Present, Aids, Procedure, Recording The Birth

Premature Births, Stillbirths

Navel Cord

Placenta, Caul

Sterilizing The Eyes Of The Newborn Baby

Fontanels, Head Shaping, Beautifying The Face

The Mother's Bath, The Baby's Bath

Postnatal Interests

Ear Piercing

“talcum Powder,” Diapers, Baby's First Clothing

Cradle, Transporting Baby, Hammock

Lullabies

Teething, Smiling, Creeping, Walking, Talking

Nursing, Weaning

Atypical Conditions

Multiple Births

Incest, Illegitimacy

Deformed Children, Infanticide, Sick Children

Color Blindness, Left-handedness, Speech Defects

Adoptions, Captives

Names

Naming A Child, Origin Of Names, Personal Names

Surnames, Nicknames

The Family

Status In The Community

Husband-wife Relationship, Parent-child Relationship, Brother-sister Relationship

Children's Behavior

Care And Dressing Of The Hair, Personal Appearance

Sight And Hearing Of The Child

Courtesy, Helpfulness

Boasting, Jealousy

Quareling, Tale Bearing, Disobedience

Lying, Stealing, Intoxication

Chums, Modesty, Puberty Rites

Adult Behavior

Care Of The Hair, Bathing, Personal Adornments, Personal Appearance

Modesty, Courtesy, Helpfulness, Hospitality

Pride, Intelligence

Anger, Quarreling, Murder, Revenge, Cannibalism, Imprecations, Suicide

Lying, Theft, Intoxication

Teaching The Child

Instructors, Methods Of Instructions

Incentives And Compulsions

Present-day Formal Education

Mental Training

Language

Oratory

Counting

Measurements Of Time

Prediction Of Weather

Natural Phenomena

Signaling

Measurements: Linear, Surface, Distance, Quantity

Diversions

Visiting And Conversation, Stories, Smoking

Music, Dances, Songs

Games

Toys, Imitative Play, Pets

Swimming, Horseback Riding

Health

Preventives Of Ill Health; Causes Of Ill Health, Physical And Mental

Physicians; The Machitun

Treatment By Herbalists And Lay Persons

Marriage

Polygamy, Monogamy

Cross-cousin Marriage, Marriage Prohibitions, Preferential Marriages, Sororate, Levirate

Age Of Partners, Choice Of Mates, Love Charms

Marriage Ceremonial

Desertion, Separation, Infidelity

In-law Relationships And Taboos, Joking Relationships

Religion And Supernatural Powers

The Supreme Being And His Abode, Sacred Figurines

Private Prayers, Personal Supernatural Powers

Tribal Religious Ceremonial: The Nillatun

Black Art, Hobgoblins, Visions

Death, And Belief In Life After Death

Causes Of Death, Omens Of Death

Death, Wake, Burial, Mourning

Government

The Cacique And The Political Unit

Land, Subsistence, And Trade

Land Tenure, Grazing, Wealth

Agriculture And Horticulture

Domesticated Animals

Trade, Exchange, Cash Income

Transportation

Hunting, Trapping, Fishing

Food, Shelter, Clothing

Food And Its Preparation, Cooking Implements, Meals

The Toldo, Present-day Dwellings, Storage

Clothing

Domestic Handicrafts

Spinning And Weaving

Dyeing

Basketry

Pottery

Summary

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Araucanian child life and its cultural background

Published By: Original publisher Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1957. xx, 439 p., 80 plates

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Sister M. Inez Hilger

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Mapuche (SG04)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Personal names (551); Family relationships (593); Polygamy (595); Spirits and gods (776); Regulation of marriage (582); Burial practices and funerals (764); Real property (423); Sickness (750); Socialization (860); Processing of basic materials (320); Leather, textiles, and fabrics (280);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The author of this work is a professional ethnologist and a member of the Order of St. Benedict. The book is divided into two portions, one dealing with the Chilean Araucanians, the other with the Argentine Araucanians. While the main purpose of the work is to describe childhood and child-rearing practices among the Araucanians, such information is set in a full ethnographic description of both Chilean and Argentine groups. Besides data on the life cycle, information is included on material culture, subsistance activities, religion, kinship, political organization, entertainment and art, and history. In addition to using a large amount of first-hand information, and unusually thorough coverage of the literature was made in writing the work.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 10

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sg04-010

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1946-1952

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. James R. Leary ; 1958

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1450-1952

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Chile, Argentina

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Indian children-Chile/Indian children--Argentina/Mapuche Indians/Indians of South America--Chile/Indians of South America-Argentina

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