Hickman, John Marshall. The Aymara of Chinchera, Peru: persistence and change in a bicultural context

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction

Geography Of Chinchera And Land Usage

Environment And Physical Appearance

The Peasant Pattern

The Nature And Quality Of Contact Experience

World View As An Indian

Chapter Ii A Range Of Experience


Mario The Magician








Chapter Iii The Crcle Of Life

Social Situation Of The Family

Birth And Infancy

Early Childhood


The Marriage Of Natalio And Natalia

The Adult Years

Death And Funeral Bchavior

The 1st And 2nd Of November

Chapter Iv The Struggle To Structure The Unknown

Divination Behavior


Burning Incense (incensio)

Natural Signs

Salivs Divination


Special Methods Of Divination For The Day Of San Juan

Divination From Animal Parts

Divination By The Reading Of Coca Leaves

Reading Playing Cards (naipes)

The Oracle (el Oraculo)

Palm Reading


The Decline Of The Professional Magician

The Magician Today

The Mesa

The Ceremonial Calendar

Carnival (carnivál)

Easter Week (semana Santa)

The Fiesta Of The Cross

The Choquela Ceremony

The “ceremonial Season”

Santa Barbara

Chapter V The Organization Of Effort

Effort And The Ceremonial Calendar

The Level Of Living

Making Money

The Daily Schedule

Monday Of Carnival

Ceremony To Begin The Training Of A Plowing Team

The Passing Of A Llama

The Víspera Del Espíritu

Cooperative And Coordinated Effort

House Dedication Ceremony

Community Cooperation

Chapter Vi Individual And Community: Consensus And Diffdrence

Change And Its Indicators

The Assimilation Scale

Analysis Of The Survey Data

Item Analysis

Factor Analysis Of Survey Items

Distribetion And Analysis Of Variance Of Factor Scores

The Assimilation Scale And The Three Factors

Chapter Vii Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Aymara of Chinchera, Peru: persistence and change in a bicultural context

Published By: Original publisher Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms. 1964 [1971 copy]. 3, 18, 228 leaves ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication John Marshall Hickman

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aymara (SF05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF General character of religion (771); Magic (789); Organized ceremonial (796);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This is an ethnographic study of ceremonies, magic and divination. Other subjects discussed are culture change, acculturation, and biculturalism. Chinchera, the community studied, is near the community that Tschopik studied (1946, 1951). When there is a gap in Hickman's ethnographic data due to lack of time in the field, he sometimes uses Tschopik's data. Information on attitudes, behavior and beliefs of the Aymara of Chinchera are included.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 13

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sf05-013

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: UM 64-3641 Thesis (Ph.D.) - Cornell University, 1963 Includes bibliography

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1961-1962

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Barbara Yanchek ; John Beierle

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Chinchera, Peru

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Aymara Indians


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