Tschopik, Harry Jr.. The Aymara of Chucuito, Peru: 1. Magic

Table of Contents

Publication Information


The Setting The Community Of Chucuito

The Physical Environment

Subsistence And Technology

Indian And Mestizo

The Extended Family


Childhood And Adolescence

Sex And Marriage

Wealth, Status, And Prestige

Social Control

Some Aspects Of Aymara Personality







The Pattern Assemblage Magic The Supernatural World



Place Spirits

Physiographical Spirits

Meteorological Spirits








Christian-derived Deities


The Virgin

The Saints

Souls And Ghosts

Souls Of The Living

Ghosts And Souls Of The Dead

Magic And The Magician

Practitioners Of Magic

Becoming A Magician

Supernatural Power

The Apprenticeship

Atypical Cases

Techniques And Rites Of The Magician

General Considerations

Personnel And Locus

The Genesis Of A Ceremony

Behavior During Ceremonies

Ritual Equipment

Bundles ( Esta Q'epe , “complete Bundle” )

Ground Cloths

Amulets ( I[unknown]a )

Sea Shells

Libation Bowls

Other Containers

Stuffed Animals

Christian-derived Paraphernalia

Miscellaneous Equipment


Coca , Koka


Llama Fat , Lamp'u

Mint ( Mentha Pulegium ), Q'oa

Figurines , [unknown]ciu[unknown]ci


Banners , Wip'ala

Llama Foetus , Sulu

Blood Sacrifices , Wilan[unknown]ca


Tobacco , Sairi 5

Flowers , Panqara

Food , Manq'a 6

Composite Offerings

Ritual Acts And Procedures

Ceremonial Direction And Order


Dedication Of Offerings

Coca Chewing

Drinking And Eating

Begging Forgiveness




Music And Dancing

Christian-derived Acts

Disposing Of Offerings

Ceremonies Of The Magician

Séance , Uiwiri Puriyaña , “ To Make The Guardian Arrive ”

House Dedication Rite , Wilan[unknown]ca , “ Blood Sacrifice ”

General Propitiatory Rite , Mesa Loqaña , “ To Offer A Mesa ”

Animal Increase Rite, Uiwataki Mesa Loqaña, “ To Offer A Mesa For The Animals ”

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Other Ceremonies

Rain Making Rite , Halu Luraña, “ To Make Rain ”

First Fruit Rite, Manq'ataki Loqaña P'awaqa, “ To Make An Offering To The Food ”

Fishing Rite, [unknown]c'aulataki Mesa Loqaña, “ To Offer A Mesa To The Fish ”

Compadre Rite , Kompadre

Curing And Counter-sorcery

Personal And Social Aspects Of Magic

The Magicians Of Chucuito

The Economics Of Magic

The Sociology Of Magic

The Magician And The Community

Conclusions Personality And The Culture Pattern

Magic And The Individual

Magic And The Society

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: The Aymara of Chucuito, Peru: 1. Magic

Published By: Original publisher New York: American Museum of Natural History. 1951. 133-308 p., plates

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Harry Tschopik Jr.

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Aymara (SF05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF General character of religion (771); Magic (789);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Tschopik's work is a detailed study of Aymara belief and behavior about the supernatural. The book contains background information on economics, kinship, etc., and data on the life cycle and basic or modal personality of Aymara. Particular attention is paid to the inter-relationships that exist between various aspects of behavior in the area of magic.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sf05-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Bibliography: p. 302

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1940-1942

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. James Leary

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Chucuito, Peru

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Aymara Indians


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