Ibarra R., Eugenia (Ibarra Rojas). Política y etnicidad en sociedades en transición en la zona sur de Costa Rica: Boruca y Talamanca siglos XVI al XIX

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Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Política y etnicidad en sociedades en transición en la zona sur de Costa Rica: Boruca y Talamanca siglos XVI al XIX

Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph Vínculos : revista de antropología del Museo Nacional de Costa Rica -- Vol. 24, nos. 1-2

Published By: Original publisher Vínculos : revista de antropología del Museo Nacional de Costa Rica -- Vol. 24, nos. 1-2 San José, Costa Rica: Museo Nacional de Costa Rica. 1999. 121-151 p.ill., map

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Eugenia Ibarra R.

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2012. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Talamancans (SA19)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Cultural identity and pride (186); Chief executive (643); External relations (648); Inter-ethnic relations (629); Internal trade (438); External trade (439); Routes (487); Missions (797); Cultural revitalization and ethnogenesis (1710);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document [Para español, véase la primera página del documento.] This ethnohistorical study maps the contrast in the development of cultural identity between the Boruca of the Pacific lowlands and the “Talamancans” (Cabécar and Bribri) of the central cordillera, among the many other indigenous groups diminished by European conquest and colonization from the sixteenth through nineteenth centuries. The concepts of “gateway communities” straddling ecozones, of power conferred by goods obtained from distant, conceptually supernatural realms, and a consequent network of trade routes and shifting alliances manipulated by ruling elites—all in evidence prior to the Conquest—provide the framework for an analysis of the negotiation of identity and survival between the various cultures under pressure of colonialism. The Boruca suffered a stronger and almost immediate impact to their identity, due to the presence of an entrepôt at the intersection of major trade routes that attracted the immigration of the remains of other tribes, not to mention potent Spanish influence. The Cabécar-Bribri occupied a territory with a more diffuse network of trade routes and surrounded by a diversity of tribes that could serve as buffers in a game of shifting conflict and alliance (the Térraba of the Atlantic coast being notable among them), allowing paramount chiefs who doubled as religious leaders to access goods critical to maintaining power (especially iron tools and weapons) while keeping other cultural influences at bay, particularly the Spanish government and church. Intrigue within the ruling elite finally opened the door to the corrosive influences of missionaries and schools during the tumult of the early republic in the nineteenth century.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 9

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. sa19-009

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Journal Article

Language: Language that the document is written in Spanish

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 150-151)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document no date

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Historian-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Leon G. Doyon ; 2012

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1502-1899

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) southern Costa Rica and western Panama

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Boruca Indians//Talamanca Indians


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