Bianchi, Cynthia Chamberlain. Gubida illness and religious ritual among the Garifuna of Santa Fe, Honduras: an ethnopsychiatric analysis

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Chapter I Introduction

Questions For Research

Research Strategy And Field Investigation

Culture-bound Syndromes And Stress: Some Definitions

Culture-bound Syndromes: Emic Considerations And Etic Classifications

Chapter Ii Spirit Illness, Possession Trance, And Therapeutic Rituals: Theoretical Approaches

Altered States Of Consciousness: Definitions

Possession Illness And Psychiatric Classifications

Ritual Therapy, Possession Trance And Anxiety Reduction

Chapter Iii Ancestor Spirit Illness And Traditional Therapy In West And West Central Africa

General Patterns

Possession Illness And Ritual Therapy In West Central Africa

West African Perspectives

Chapter Iv Culture Contact, Syncretism And Crystallization: The Genesis Of Garifuna Society And Religion

Theoretical Considerations

Regions Of Supply And The African Slave Trade To The Americas

Religious Syncretism In Africa And The Caribbean

St. Vincent Island: 1600–1795

Exile To Central America: The New Interaction Context

Garifuna Ethnogenesis And The Development Of The Gubida Cult

Chapter V Santa Fe, Honduras: Physical Environment, Living Conditions, And Health Problems


Climate And Physical Environment

Settlement Patterns

Transportation And Communication

Drinking Water Facilities, Sewage And Garbage Management

Animal Life In Santa Fe And The Surrounding Environment

Food And Drink

Health Problems In Santa Fe

Chapter Vi Social Support And Social Control In Santa Fe: The Organizational Context


Municipal Government

Informal Community Organization, Social Support, And Social Control

Support Networks, Kinship Organization, And Migration: Introduction

Population Characteristics, Resident Status, And Migration

Migration Patterns

Mating Relationships And The Provision Of Support

Kinship, Matrifocality, And Household Composition

Kindreds, Nonunilineal Descent Groups, And Ritual Organization

Chapter Vii Roman Catholicism And The Annual Cycle Of Ritual Activities


Religion In Santa Fe

The Annual Ritual Cycle: Major Events

The Annual Ritual Cycle: Analysis

Chapter Viii Obligations To The Dead And Mandatory Death Rituals


Death Rituals And Obligations To The Dead

Wakes And Funerals

Garifuna Wakes And Funerals: Comparisons With Haitian And Spanish Custom


Garifuna Novenas: Comparisons With Spanish And Haitian Tradition

Chapter Ix Gubida Illness: Survey Data And Case Studies


Survey Data: Sex And Age Of Individuals Who Experience Hasándigubida

Survey Data: Identities Of Deceased Relatives Believed To Cause Hasándigubida

Survey Data: Symptoms Of Hasándigubida And Case Studies

Hasándigubida And The Making Of A Buyei: Illness And Shamanic Initiation

Hierarchy Of Resort And The Efficacy Of Therapeutic Rituals

Gubida Illness: Analysis

Chapter X Rituals Of Placation And Possession Trance




Chugú And Dügü: Introduction



Ritual Possession Trance: Analysis

Chapter Xi Comparisons And Conclusions

Dream Imagery, Hasándigubida And Possession Trance: Comparisons With Previous Research

Placation Rituals And Symbolism

Functions Of Gubida Beliefs, Placation Rituals, And Possession Trance: Suggestions From Previous Research


Directions For Future Research

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Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information


Title: Gubida illness and religious ritual among the Garifuna of Santa Fe, Honduras: an ethnopsychiatric analysis

Published By: Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International, 1988 [1989 copy ]. 4, 10, 387 p.: ill., maps

By line: [by] Cynthia Chamberlain Bianchi

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: HRAF, 2005. Computer File

Culture: Garifuna (SA12)

Subjects: Theoretical orientation in research and its results (121); Religious denominations (795); Dance (535); History (175); Cult of the dead (769); Magical and mental therapy (755); Theory of disease (753); Shamans and psychotherapists (756); Medical care (758); Household (592); Burial practices and funerals (764); Mourning (765);

Abstract: This is a detailed study of an illness called HASANDIGUBIDA, believed by the Garifuna to be caused by the spirits of dead relatives. The author points out that while this illness seems to cross-cut various biomedical classifications of disorder, there is a strong indication that the characteristic behavioral symptoms of this 'disease' are culturally patterned, especially in regard to the stereotypical dreams and visions involving dead relatives demanding food and sacrifices. Failure to heed these demands would result in physical symptoms characteristic of the HASANDIGUBIDA illness, which seem to express somaticized anxiety. This condition may be viewed as a culture-bound reactive syndrome (p. 2). As background material to this study, Bianchi provides relevant theoretical data on possession states and therapeutic rituals, as well as on the physical environment, social organization, culture history, and religion. She then goes into great detail on the illness itself, the CHUGU and DUGU rituals of placation, and on concomitant possession trances accompanying these rituals.

Document Number: 16

Document ID: sa12-016

Document Type: Monograph

Language: English

Note: UM8820253. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Columbus, Ohio State University, 1988 Includes bibliographical references (p. 372-387)

Field Date: 1976-1983

Evaluation: Ethnologist-5

Analyst: John Beierle ; 1989-1991

Coverage Date: 1976-1983

Coverage Place: Santa Fe, Honduras

LCSH: Black Carib Indians


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