Métraux, Alfred, 1902-1963. Ethnology of Easter Island

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Ethnology Of Easter Island

Introduction

Acknowledgments

Geography

Climate

Water Sources

Plant Life

Wood Resources

Toro-miro

Hau

Makoi

Marikuru

Sandalwood

Unidentified Trees

Animal Life

Population

The Physical Relationships Of The Easter Islanders

Language

Names Of Easter Island

European Contacts

Meteorology

Nights Of The Moon

Months

Sun And Stars

Winds

Traditional History

Settlement Period

Sources

Discovery And Settlement

Hotu-matua

The Fight With Orio

[the Fight With Orio]

The War Between The Long-ears And The Short-ears

The War Between Tuu And Hotu-iti

The War Between Tuu And Hotu-iti (i)]

[the War Between Tuu And Hotu-iti (ii)]

Destruction Of The Images

Genealogies Of Kings

Reconstructed Genealogies

Polynesian Traditions Of Voyages To Easter Island

From Rapa

From Rarotonga

From Mangareva

The Individual In Society

The Household

Paternal Authority

Relationship Terms

The Life Cycle

Birth

Pregnancy

Delivery

Birth Feast

Childhood

Seclusion

Feast House

Initiation Rites

Puberty

Adoption

Sexual License

Marriage

Marriage Laws

Polygyny

Marriage Ceremony

Status Of Women

Divorce

Adultery

Death

Funeral Rites

Comparison With Other Polynesian Funeral Rites

Suicide

Concepts Of Life After Death

Social Organization

Tribes

Geographical Distribution Of Tribes

Lineage

Geographical Distribution Of Lineages

Villages

Classes Of Society

King

Possession Of Divine Mana

Tapus

Dress

Residence

Succession To Power

Influence Over Nature

Supervision Of Semi-religious Activities

Royal Insignia

Political Power

Priests

Experts And Craftsmen

Rongorongo Men

Warriors

Serfs

Secret Societies

Salutations

Property Rights

Joint Property

Crime And Punishment

Thievery

Punishment Of Theft

Vengeance

War

Cannibalism

Agriculture And Cooking

Ground Cultivation

Cultivated Plants

Sweet Potato

Taro

Yam

Ti

Sugar Cane

Bananas

Gourds

Paper Mulberry

Turmeric

Arrowroot

Coconut

Foreign Plants

Comparison With Cultivated Plants On Other Polynesian Islands

Wild Plants Of Economic Value

Moki-oone

Bulrushes

Nightshade

Plants Eaten In Time Of Famine

Ngaoho

Moss

Seaweed

Fire

Oven

Preparation Of Food

Serving Of Food

Food Etiquette

Material Culture

Weapons

Stone Throwing

Spears

Clubs

Long-handled Clubs

Short-handled Clubs

Wooden Swords

Comparison With Other Polynesian Weapons

Fishing

Angling

Fishhooks

One-piece Hooks

Composite Hooks

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Fishhooks

Lashing Of Snood

Line And Rod

Bait

Conger Fishing

Nets

Dip Nets

Bag Nets

Set Nets And Seines

Casting Nets

Turtle Nets

Sinkers

Comparison With Other Polynesian Fishnets

Fish Spears

Turtle Watchtowers

Eel Snaring

Fishing By Hand

Octopus

Crayfish

Reef Fishing

Houses

Caves

Coastal Caves

Inland Caves

Thatched Houses

Dwelling Houses

Stone Foundations

Framework

Thatching

Door

Pavement

Interior Of House

Size Of Houses

Disappearance Of Ancient Houses

Household Furniture

Community Houses

Kitchen Shelters

Boat Houses

Comparison With Other Polynesian Thatched Houses

Stone Houses

Chicken Houses

Stone Houses At Orongo

Canoes

Comparison With Other Polynesian Canoes

Rafts

Paddles

Cordage

Mats

Baskets

Tapa

Comparison With Tapa On Other Polynesian Islands

Clothing

Clothing For Men

Clothing For Women

Cloaks

Personal Adornment And Decoration

Hairdresses

Headdresses

Feather Headdresses

Circlets

Diadem

Crescents

Conical Caps

Feather Containers

Other Headdresses

Women's Hats

Headdresses Of Unusual Type

Comparison With Other Polynesian Headdresses

Ear Ornaments

Neck Ornaments

Bone Ornaments

Shell, Ornaments

Wooden Ornaments

Crescent-shaped Breast Ornaments

Wooden Balls

Carved Wooden Pendants

Tortoise-shell Belts

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Ornaments

Body Painting

Tattooing

Implements

Designs

Sources Of Information

Extent Of Tattooing

Face Designs

Breast Designs

Abdominal Designs

Back Designs

Hand And Arm Designs

Thigh Designs

Leg Designs

Realistic Motifs

Social Significance Of Tattooing

Wooden Images

Male Images (moai Kavakava)

Ornamental Head Carvings

Ornaments Added To The Figure

Moai Tangata

Female Images (moai Paapaa)

Grotesque Images

Bird-man Images

Double-headed Images

Significance Of Wooden Images

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Wooden Images

Good-luck Objects

Images For Protection Of Houses

Engraved Skulls

Dance Accessories

Dance Paddles

Objects Carried In Hand

Petroglyphs

Paintings

Stonework

Stone Implements

Adzes

Type 1

Type 2

Unclassified Adzes

Modern Imitations Of Old Adzes

Hafting

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Adzes

Chisels

Picks

Knives

Obsidian Tools

Implement Of Unknown Use

Rubbing Stones

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Cutting Implements

Sanctuaries

Image Ahus

Semi-pybamidal Ahus

Ahu-poepoe

Rectangular Ahus

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Religious Structures

Stone Masonry

Stone Images

The Quarry

Statues On The Ahus

The Statues Of Kano-raraku

Isolated Statues

Small Stone Images

Stone Headdresses For Statues

Pillars On Ahus

The Hat Quarry

Transportation Of Stone Statues

Significance Of Stone Statues

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Stone Images

Religion

Gods

Major Gods

Hiro

Tangaroa

Rongo

Makemake

Tive And Hova

Ruanuku

Atua-metua

Tiki

Oreooreo

Lesser Gods

Spirits And Ghosts

Creation Chant

Priests

Divine Possession

Sorcerers

Omens

Tapu

Religious Ritual

Offerings And Sacrifices To The Gods

Human Sacrifices

Ceremony To Invoke Rain

Private Rites

Bird Cult

Orongo

Islands Of The Bird Cult

Mataveri

Feast Of The Bird-man

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Cults

Treatment Of Disease

Recreation

Feasts

Paina

Koro

Koro House

Areauti

Puke

Kaunga

The Feast Of The Boat

Games

Surf-riding

Sliding

Concealing An Object

Sham Battles

Throwing Game

Top Spinning

Kitu Flying

String Figures

Introduced Toys

Gambling

Music And Poetry

Instruments

Singing

Untitled Section: ...

Lament

Dances

One-foot Dances

Modern Dances

Dress For Dances

Tales

The Cycle Of Ure-a-vai-a-nuhe

Origin Of The Bone Fishhooks

The Story Of Ure

Ure-a-oho-vehi And The Two Spirits

Tuu-ko-ihu And The Tapa Cloak

The Lizard Woman And The Gannet Woman

Untitled Section: ...

(the Origin Of Tattooing)

The Bad Spirit Raerae-hou And The Good Spirit Matamata-pea

Origin Of The Turmeric

Te Moko-arangi-roa And The Helping Spirit

Raraku, The Killer Of Spirits

The Woman With The Long Arm

Nune And His Sisters

The Child Changed Into Nanue

The Turtle Veri-pupura-vai-a-pakia

Uho And The Turtle

The Story Of The Octopus Akaverio Of Hanga-tee

The Origin Of The Yam Onaku-o-te-takatore

The Magic Flight

The Kidnapped Soul

The Floating Tree

The Origin Of The Mataa Spears

Ratoka

Moko

The Revenge For The Eels

The Fight Between Hetereki And Taereka

Pepe And His Wise

The Thirsty Warrior And His Captive

Victory Of Tuu Foretold

The Mysterious Pirate

Matakaroa

The Nga-ruti Brothers

The Murder Of The Daughters Of Raparangi

The Revenge Of Ure-atoro-humu-kena

The Revenge Of Aio

The Revenge Of Hera-kekeu-nui

Engo

The Two Cannibals

The Two Friends

The Jealous Sisters

The Ugly Man With A Beautiful Voice

The Good Doctor

Tupeti, The Succesful Farmer

The Battle Of The Islands

Tablets

Rongorongo Men

Tablets

Easter Island Script

Comparisons With Other Polynesian Mnemonic Devices

Conclusions

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Ethnology of Easter Island

Published By: Original publisher Honolulu, Hawaii: The Museum. 1940. 1 p. l., vii, [3]-432 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Alfred Métraux

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Rapa Nui (OY02)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Traditional history (173); History (175); Fishing (226); Fishing gear (227); Vegetable production (244); Normal garb (291); Body alterations (304); Weapons (411); (53); Chief executive (643); Religious beliefs (770);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document Compiled by a member of a 1934-35 Franco-Belgian expedition, this monograph presents both original fieldwork and data from existing sources. Themes include the history, geography, material culture, social life, religion, art, warfare, tales, legends, and pictographic script of Easter Islanders. The author is more interested in reconstructing the past than in describing the contemporary culture of the Christianized natives. By comparing various cultural traits found on Easter Island with those of neighboring Polynesian islands, he concludes that Easter Island is a local Polynesian culture that developed from an archaic and undifferentiated Polynesian civilization.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. oy02-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 421-429)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1934-1935

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-4, 5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Robert Lee ; 1961

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1722-1936

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Easter Island, Valparaíso, Chile

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ethnology--Easter Island//Rapanui language--Texts

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