Kame'eleihiwa, Lilikalā. Native land and foreign desires: pejea la e pono ai?

Table of Contents

Publication Information

In The Beginning

Problems Of Interpreting The Historical Record: Models And Metaphor

The Event Called Māhele

Chiefs Of The Buke Māhele

Effects Of The Māhele

Chapter 2

Wākea And Papa: The Beginning Of Hawaiian Time

Mālama `āina: Caring For The Land

`aikapu: The Separation Of Male And Female, Ali`i And Maka`āinana

Nī`aupi`o Mating: The Metaphor Of Incest

`imihaku: Searching For The Two Paths To Mana Of Kū And Lono

Kālai`āina The Politics Of Traditional Hawaiian Land Tenure

Land Inheritance Before Kamehameha: The Case Of `umi And Other Exceptions To The Rule

The Case Of Kīwala`ō: Failure Of Kālai`āina Leads To War

Changes In The Time Of Kamehameha I

Chapter 4

The Ascent Of Ka`ahumanu

Liholiho And The Overthrow Of The `aikapu

Metaphoric Consideration: Unveiling The Kaona

Effects Of `ainoa On Control Of `āina

Kauikeaouli And The Rebellion Of Boki And Liliha

Inheritance Patterns Among Ali`i Nui Prior To 1848

Kauoha: The Verbal Will

Designation Of Heirs

`āina Of The Four Kona Uncles

Mō`ī `āina: Kaumuali`i And Liholiho

`āina Of The Male Māui Ali`i Nui: Kalanimōkū, Boki, And Kuakini

The Female Māui Ali`i Nui: Kekuapi`ia, Ka`ahumanu, Kīna`u, Kaheiheimālie, And Kekāuluohi

Ulumaheihei Hoapili: The Last Of Kamehameha's Counselors

Traditional Patterns Of Land Tenure Persist

The Transformation Of Pono

Keōpūolani's Conversion: Attractions Of Palapala And Ola Hou

Anti-christian Reaction: The Celebration Of Life

Ka`ahumanu's Conversion: Reinstating The Kapu

The 1824 Kaua`i Rebellion And Ka`ahumanu Hou

Kauikeaouli's Rebellion: Reinstating The Kapu Of Makahonu

New Paths To Power Christianity, Western Law, And Capitalism

The Rise Of William Richards

Dr. Judd To The Rescue

Hawaiian Reaction To Judd's Grand Design: Fears Of The Ali`i Nui

Fears Of The Maka`āinana

Chapter 8

Kahuna Pule Advice: Answers To Questions

Mechanics Of The Māhele: Land Commission Vs. Ali`i Nui Privy Council

Events Of The Mō`ī-ali`i Māhele

Ali`i Of The Buke Māhele And Their `āina Awards

Ali`i Nui: Their Lineage And `āina

Kaukau Ali`i: Their Lineage And Their `āina

Kaukau Ali`i With Lesser Amounts Of `āina

The Heirs Of Olohana And `aikake

Konohiki: Lineage And `āina

Aftermath Of The Māhele

Māhele Benefits For Maka`āinana

Māhele Benefits For Foreigners

Disposition Of `āina Awarded To The Ten Highest Ali`i Nui

From Capitalism To Colonialism: 1848–1893

Loss Of Pono Follows Loss Of `āina

Chapter 11

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Native land and foreign desires: pejea la e pono ai?

Published By: Original publisher Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press. 1992. xviii, 424 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2003. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Hawaiians (OV05)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Real property (423); Status, role, and prestige (554); Classes (565); Special unions and marriages (588); Chief executive (643);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document The 1848 privatization of land known as the MAHELE was the deathblow to traditional Hawaiian society, according to the author, Kame'eleihiwa. Once in the private hands of capital-poor or indebted families the land was easily bought by wealthier foreigners, who had imposed on the government the rights of noncitizens to own land. Kame'eleihiwa discusses the gradual process in which foreign missionaries gained the confidence of the king, control of the government, and ownership of land; writing the new constitution and property laws, as well. In the traditional land tenure system high chiefs (ALI'I NUI) acted as stewards (MALAMA) to the land and all land was returned to the king for reallocation when the chief died. However, this system began to unravel with the weakening of the king and the chiefs began to pass on their holdings to their heirs. No doubt, the greatest blow to Haiwaiian way of life was the loss of a two-thirds of the population in the first 50 years of contact.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 16

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ov05-016

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English and Hawaiian

Note: Includes bibliographical references (392-405) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document not specified

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Historian and Indigene-4

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard ; 2002

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1798-1975

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Hawaii

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Hawaiians

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