Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Lee, Helen Morton, 1960-
Becoming Tongan: an ethnography of childhood
Published By: Original publisher
Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. 1996. ix, 343 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2006. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Drives and emotions (152);
Social personality (156);
Personality traits (157);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Sociocultural trends (178);
Cultural identity and pride (186);
Gender status (562);
Family relationships (593);
Infant care (854);
Child care (855);
Childhood activities (857);
Gender roles and issues (890);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This document, aptly subtitled 'an ethnography of
childhood', is a study of the various socio-cultural factors that are operational in the
socialization of children from birth to late adolescence in order to become an adult member
of Tongan society. After a brief discussion of some of the theoretical concepts utilized in
this study, Lee (Morton) then presents a detailed description of some of the major the
factors noted above, such as: ANGA FAKATONGA ('the Tongan way'), the concept of what
constitues the ideal individual; Tongan notions of 'personhood' with its cultural values of
'OFA (love, concern), respect, obedience, and independence, and the availability and
acquisition of this knowledge by children; physical punishment in children's socialization;
and the management of emotion. The work concludes with the author's analysis of childhood
socialization processes in reference to recent (ca. 1979-1989) political developments in
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p.305-337) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
John Beierle; 2004
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Villaage of Holonga, Tongatapu Island,
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings