Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Gifford, Edward Winslow, 1887-1959
Published By: Original publisher
Honolulu, Hawaii: The Museum. 1929. iv, 366 p. ill.,
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Edward Winslow Gifford
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2006. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Place names (103);
Personal names (551);
Status, role, and prestige (554);
Family relationships (593);
Kinship terminology (601);
Avuncular and nepotic relatives (604);
Community heads (622);
Chief executive (643);
Executive household (644);
Spirits and gods (776);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a general ethnographic introduction to Tongan
society and culture based on nine months of fieldwork. It covers population, family and
kinship, the kingship, social classes, kava drinking, land, property and inheritance, law,
life crises (birth, marriage, funeral, etc.), warfare, cannibalism, entertainment,
etiquette, keeping genealogies, personal names, and religion. Tongan society is socially
and politically complex. The social structure is based on a combination of feudal
regulations within and between ranked lineages. The king is the head of the dominant
lineage, but each lineage contains chiefs, matapules (similar to an aristocracy) and
commoners. Much of this source concerns these class and status relations. Numbers in
parentheses refer to the sources in the bibliography which begins on page 351.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
'Bayard Dominick Expedition. Publication no. 16'
Includes bibliographical references (p. 351-353)
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Martin J. Malone; John Beierle; 1978
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings