Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978. Social organization of Manua

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Social Organization Of Manua


Social Structure

Principles Involved

Ideal Structure

Village Organization

Intravillage Functions Of The Fono

Intervillage Functions Of The Fono

The Descent Group

Outside The Pattern

Subversion Of The Ideal Pattern

Village Structure And Descent Group

The Individual In The Social Pattern

Village Groups

Craft Relationships

The Descent Group

The Offenders And The Offended

Daily Life In Manua

Ceremonial Life In Manua

Types Of Ceremonial

Significant Seating Arrangements

Elements In The Malaga Ceremonial

The Fono Ceremonial

Ceremonies Based Upon Reciprocal Relations

Transaction Type


The Economic Aspect Of Manuan Society

Division Of Labor


Dominant Cultural Attitudes

Birth, Childhood, Adolescence

Ceremonies And Observances Connected With Birth

Functions Of Relatives

Care And Feeding Of The Child




Formal Recognition By The Community

The Aumaga

The Aualuma

Titled Youth

Courtship, Marriage And Maturity

Sickness, Death And Burial

Theories Of Sickness And Death

Preparation Of Corpse And Interment

Mourning Ceremonies

Burial And Rank

Functions Of Relatives

Proxy Burial

The Kava Ceremonial

Kava Making

Uses Of Kava

Kava In The Household

Kava In The Village

Kava Outside The Fono

Variations In The Ceremony


Kava As A Beverage

Historical Considerations

Rank In Manua

Costume And Rank

Courtesy Language

Rank In Relation To Other Aspects Of The Culture


Tapu In Polynesia

Samoan Tapus That Are Polynesian

Samoan Categories Of The Forbidden

The Hieroglyphic Tapus

Rank And Tapu

Attitude Towards Women

Prohibitions Concerning Death

Prohibitions Surrounding Work

Prohibitions Surrounding Gods

Lifting Tapus

Kinship Functions And Terminology

Kinship Terms

Terms Of Address


Genealogies And Family Traditions

Functions Of Relatives


Comparison With Western Samoa

Manuan Religion

Traditions Of Creation

Manuan Gods

Classes Of Spiritual Beings

Priests And Mediums

Life After Death

Sun Cult

Human Sacrifice, Prayers And Offerings


Dreams And Omens

War. Cannibalism, And Justice




The Tui Manua And The Seven Villages Of Manua

Village Differentiation

Traditions Of The Name Of Manua

Traditions Surrounding The Tui Manua

Installation Of The Tui Manua

The Tapu Of The Tui Manua

Etiquette Surrounding The Tui Manua

Marriage Of The Tui Manua

The Taupou Of The Tui Manua

The Manaia Of The Tui Manua

Death And Burial Of The Tui Manua

Genealogies Of The Tui Manua

The Position Of The Tui Manua In The Manuan Archipelago

The Kava Ceremony Of The Tui Manua

The Fa'alupega Of Manua

Relationship Of The Tui Manua To The Rest Of Samoa



Fitiuta (agae)




Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Social organization of Manua

Published By: Original publisher Honolulu: The Museum. 1930. ii, 218 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Margaret Mead

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2009. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Samoans (OU08)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Kin relationships (602); Community structure (621); Status, role, and prestige (554); Community heads (622); Ethnosociology (829); Territorial hierarchy (631); Community councils (623); Diet (262); Visiting and hospitality (574); Extended families (596); Social relationships and groups (571); Family relationships (593); Informal in-group justice (627); Real property (423); Settlement patterns (361); Etiquette (576); Ethnopsychology (828); Social personality (156); Premarital sex relations (836);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This document is primarily an account of the socio-political organization of Manua, including detailed descriptions of the kinship system and rank and chieftainship. Materials on economic organization and religion are more briefly presented. Emphasis is placed upon the role of chiefs in the community and the district. Manuan traits are frequently compared with equivalent traits of Tutuila, Western Samoa, other Polynesian cultures, and Melanesia. The author did a limited amount of field work in Tutuila, but most of her time was spent in the Manuan group of islands. Of her seven months in Manua, Mead spent six in three villages on the island of Tau. In addition to her own first hand observations, Mead makes extensive use of the literature on Samoa and Oceania as a whole.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. ou08-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 215-218)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1926-1927

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. William W. Stein ; 1956

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1920-1930

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Samoa

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Tubuai (French Polynesia)/Samoa


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