Force, Roland W.. Leadership and cultural change in Palau

Table of Contents

Publication Information


Contemporary Leadership In Palau

I. Palau And The Palauans: The Land And Its People

The Land

The People

The Relationship Of The People To The Land

Ii. The Context Of Traditional Leadership In Palau

Territorial And Political Alignments

Village Organization

Political Leadership: The Village Council


Age-grade Society Leadership

Kin Groups

Inter-kin Group Relations

Kin Group Leadership

Hereditary Sanctions Of Leadership: Characteristics And Expectations

Supernatural Sanctions Of Leadership: Spirits And Shamans

Age And Respect Sanctions Of Leadership: Rubaks And Respect

Patterns Of Social Dominance And Power

The Power Pyramid

Iii. The Contact Continuum: The Succession Of Superordinates

Early Contacts

Domination By Foreign Powers




The United States

Iv. Stimuli For Change

The Decline Of Traditional Leadership

Souls And Salvation

Peace And Prosperity



Institutionalized Concubinage


New Sources Of Income


Colonization And Alienation Of Land

Philosophies Of Administration

V. The Nature Of Emergent Leadership: The Product Of Cultural Change

Problems And Panaceas

Administrators And Assistants

The Administrator

The Assistants


Emergent Political Leadership And Political Change

Trusteeship And Directed Political Change

American Administrative Rule

Municipal Government

Municipal Charters

Contemporary Agencies Of Political Power

The Palau Council

The Congress

Non-political Emergent Leadership

Religious Leaders

Economic Leaders

Professional Leaders

Other Contemporary Leaders

Vi. Coexistence And Conflict: Dysfunctional Accompaniments Of Cultural Change

The Composite Contemporary Scene

Coexisting Sanctions Of Power

Coexisting And Rival Agencies Of Political Power

Coexisting Symbols Of Prestige And Status

Coexisting Modes Of Leader Selection

Coexisting Canons Of Respect

Charismatic Leaders And Respect

Dysfunctions Resulting From Leadership Change

Form And Meaning

Leader Insecurity

Follower Insecurity



Vii. The Dynamics Of Acculturational Change

Cultural Dynamics And Directed Cultural Change

The Integrational Processes Of Acculturational Change

Behavioral Responses In Acculturational Change

Old Ways Of Doing Something Old

New Ways Of Doing Something New

New Ways Of Doing Something Old

Old Ways Of Doing Something New

Alterations In Form And Meaning

Supersedure And Functional Equivalents

Viii. The Chains Of Custom: Partial Adoption And Partial Retention

Retention And Prestige Values

Retention And Dysfunctional Leadership Behavior

Retention And Stability: Universals Or Fortuitous Cultural Congruences?

Stability And Non-change In Leadership Role Behavior

Ix. Leadership And Cultural Change In Broader Perspective

General Understandings And Other Case Data

The Imperative Quality Of Directed Change

Dominance Toward Self-determination

Dominant Culture Resistance To Change

Rate Of Change: Attitudes, Policies, And Implications For The Future

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Leadership and cultural change in Palau

Published By: Original publisher Chicago: Chicago Natural History Museum. 1960. 211 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication [by] Roland W. Force

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2017. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Belau (OR15)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Community councils (623); Lineages (613); Clans (614); Status, role, and prestige (554); Public welfare (657); Districts (634); Personal grooming (302); Body alterations (304); Diet (262); Education system (871); Division of labor by gender (462); Mats and basketry (285); Settlement patterns (361); Sodalities (575); Household (592); Family relationships (593); External relations (648); Burial practices and funerals (764); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Sociocultural trends (178); Culture summary (105);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This monograph is on leadership and cultural change in Belau under varying conditions of cultural contact with other societies. The author concentrates on the change from traditional modes and patterns of leadership to new and emergent ones, including the stresses and strains observable under such conditions (p. 15). As background material for this study Force provides an excellent summary of Belau culture which the reader should find useful for a general overview of the society.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 13

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. or15-013

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 198-207)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1954-1956

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle; 1990

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1940-1960

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Koror City on Koror; Ngerechelong on Babeldaob, Republic of Belau

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Palauans//Palau--Social conditions


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