Oliver, Douglas L.. A Solomon Island society: kinship and leadership among the Siuai of Bougainville

Table of Contents

Publication Information

I A Survey Of Siuai Life

Chapter 1: Physical Adaptation

Bougainville Island

The Siuai Area

The Siuai People

Raw Materials And Tools



Shelter, Clothing, And Grooming


Collecting, Hunting, And Fishing

Animal Husbandry

Cooking And Eating

Art And Amusement

Ecological Time

Chapter 2: Some Beliefs About Nature And Man

The Age Of Creation

The Classification Of Entities

Relationships Among Entities

Time, Space, And Number

Chapter 3: Social Units




Matrilineal Units

Ii Social Relations

Chapter 4: Households

The Dwelling House

The Garden

The Daily Meal

Household Personnel

Chapter 5: Developmental Cycle Of The Nuclear Family

Incentives For Marrying

Regulation Of Marriage

Arranging The Marriage


Setting Up The Household

Pregnancy And Childbirth






Old Age And Death

Secondary Marriages

Family Structure

Chapter 6: Hamlets




“true-owners” And “attachers”

Chapter 7: Outline Of Kin Relations

Kin Pair Relations

Class I. Mother's Brother: Sister's Son

Class Ii. Father's Sister's Husband:wife's Brother's Son

Class I. Mother's Brother's Son:father's Sister's Son

Class Ii. Wife's Brother:sister's Husband

Class Iii. Father Of Son's Wife:father Of Daughter's Husband

Class I. Fathf.r's Sister:brother's Son

Class Ii. Wife's Mother:daughter's Husband

Class Iii. Mother's Brother's Wife:husband's Sister's Son

Class I. Father's Sister:brother's Daughter

Class Ii. Husband's Mother:son's Wife

Class Iii. Wife Of Mother's Brother:daughter Of Husband's Sister

Class I. Mother's Brother:sister's Daughter

Class Ii. Father's Sister's Husband:wife's Brother's Daughter

Class Iii. Husband's Father:son's Wife

Class I. Father's Sister's Son:mother's Brother's Daughter

Class Ii. Older Sister's Husband:wife's Younger Sister Husband's Older Brother:younger Brother's Wife

Class I. Mother's Brother's Son:father's Sister's Daughter

Class Ii. Younger Sister's Husband:wife's Older Sister Husband's Younger Brother:older Brother's Wife

Class I. Brother's Wife:husband's Sister

Untitled Section: ...

The Expression Of Kinship “emotion” In Dirges

Relations Between Kinship Groups


Chapter 8: Associations

Relationships Based On Trade In Economic Commodities

Relationships Based On Sale Of Services And Magical Commodities

Relationships Between Creditors And Debtors

Production Teams


Administrative Groups

Men's Societies



Iii Leadership

Chapter 9: Accumulating Capital

Shell Money And Economic Value

Surplus Durable And Consumption Goods


Selling Services And Lending Capital

The Magical Component In Accumulating And Safeguarding Material Resources

Chapter 10: Acquiring Renown

Wealth And Prestige

Food In Siuai Life



Wooden Slit Gongs

Competitive “giving”

The Competitive Feast

Chapter 11: The Rewards And Burdens Of Leadership

Beliefs About A Leader's Personality

Praise Of A Leader's Attainments

Respect For A Leader's Name And Person

Authority In Local Affairs

Influence Beyond The Neighborhood

The Burdens Of Leadership

Chapter 12: Leadership And Warfare

Organized Warfare

War Leaders

Chapter 13: A Leader In Action 1

Historical Setting 2

The Rise Of Soņli

Turuņlom Village

Soņli The Man

Soņli's Muminai Feast

Chapter 14: Analysis Of Leadership And Its Effects

Essentials For Leadership 3

Leadership And Social Relations

Leadership And Religion

Leadership And Economics

Iv Generalizations, Conjectures, And Questions

Chapter 15: Integration

Kinship Ideology






Rank Ideology






Administration Ideology






Mission Ideology






Other Characteristics Of Siuai Cultural Systems


Chapter 16: Explanation





Chapter 17: Evaluation 1

Societal Continuity

Satisfaction Of The Individual's Needs

Utilization Of Human Potentials 39

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: A Solomon Island society: kinship and leadership among the Siuai of Bougainville

Published By: Original publisher Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 1955. xxii, 533 p. ill., maps

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Douglas L. Oliver

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2016. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Siwai (ON19)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Domesticated animals (231); Vegetable production (244); Normal garb (291); Settlement patterns (361); Mutual aid (476); Music (533); Accumulation of wealth (556); Visiting and hospitality (574); Mode of marriage (583); Household (592); Kin relationships (602); Lineages (613); Clans (614); Mythology (773);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This fundamental ethnography of the Siwai provides a comprehensive account of the culture in order to frame traditional authority and the actions of leaders. Specific themes covered include the environment, settlement patterns, subsistence practices, property system, land use, cosmology, myths, social organization, values, the life cycle, and ceremonial practices. It is shown how an ambitious man can manipulate complicated exchanges in resources, especially pigs, in order to host a "social-climbing" feast in which the prime objective is to humiliate a rival and gain renown.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 1

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. on19-001

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references in "Notes" (p. 489-527)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1938-1939

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. Ian Skoggard; 2014

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1938-1939

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Southern Bougainville, North Solomons Province, Papua New Guinea

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Siuai (Papuan people)//Leadership


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