Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Malinowski, Bronislaw, 1884-1942
Kula: the circulating exchange of valuables in the
archipelagoes of eastern New Guinea
Published in: if part or section of a book or monograph
Man -- Vol. 20, no. 51
Published By: Original publisher
Man -- Vol. 20, no. 51
London. 1920. 97-105 p.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
[by] Bronislaw Malinowski
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Gift giving (431);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This article is concerned with the Kula exchange in the
Trobriand Islands in particular and the district of the Massim in general. Malinowski
covers briefly the essentials of this system of exchange.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Papua New Guinea
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings