Schwimmer, Eric G., 1923-. Exchange in the social structure of the Orokaiva: traditional and emergent ideologies in the northern district of Papua

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I The Orokaiva Exchange System

Chapter I Introduction






Chapter Ii The Setting

1. Geography

2. Technology And Aesthetics

3. Economics

4. History

5. Field Locations


Chapter Iii The Ideology Of Intertribal Exchange

1. Experiences With The Exchange System

2. Folk Explanations Of Exchange

3. Towards A Model Of Exchange

4. The Starting Mechanism


Chapter Iv The Exchange System And The New Age

1. Cultural Changes

2. A New Starting Mechanism

3. New Exchange Cycles

4. The New Day, The Mission And Divine Retribution


Part Ii: Objects Of Mediation

Chapter V: Land

1. Mediating Elements

2. Land And Its Transfer: Transactions Between The Sexes

3. Land Transactions Between Men And Spirits

4. Transfer Of Useholds Between Agnates

5. Transfers Of Land Outside The Corporate Group

6. Case Study Of Uterine Land Inheritance

7. Conclusion


Chapter Vi Taro

1. Introduction

2. Taro Ancestors

3. Taro As Mediator Of Social Relations

4. A Survey Of Taro Gifts

5. Clusters And Chains, Two Patterns Of Intimacy

6. Structural Implications


Chapter Vii Pigs

1. Introduction

2. The Wild Pig: Marauder

3. Domestication Of Pigs: Husbandry

4. Wild Pigs As Victims

5. Domesticated Pig As Victim

6. Expiation And Communion In Feasting

7. A Model Of Pig Sacrifice


Chapter Viii Coconut And Betelnut

1. Theoretical Intermezzo

2. The Minor Foods: Objects Of Mediation And Paired Symbols

3. Coconut As An Object Of Mediation

4. Areca As Object Of Mediation

5. The Myth Of Coconut And Betelnut

6. Analysis Of The Myth 4


Chapter Ix Ornaments

1. Introduction

2. The Nature Of Otohu Ornaments

3. Williams' Account Of The Conferment Of Otohu

4. Additional Data On Otohu

5. The Message Of The Sacred Flutes

6. Otohu And Hambo Compared

7. The Nature Of Mediation


Part Iii Exchange And Social Structure

Chapter X Marriage

1. Introduction

2. Patrilineal Groups

3. Williams' Theory Of Orokaiva Marriage

4. Elements Of Restricted Exchange

5. Complementary Opposition In Village Topography

6. Kinship Terminology

7. Sex Affiliation

8. The Nature Of Orokaiva Bridewealth

9. Application Of The Model To Clan Formation

10 Conclusions


Chapter Xi Epilogue


Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Exchange in the social structure of the Orokaiva: traditional and emergent ideologies in the northern district of Papua

Published By: Original publisher London: C. Hurst. 1973. ix, 244 p. ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication by Erik Schwimmer

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Orokaiva (OJ23)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF External trade (439); Exchange transactions (437); Acculturation and culture contact (177); Mythology (773); Property (420); Ethnobotany (824); Gift giving (431); Interpersonal relations (570); Inter-community relations (628); Settlement patterns (361);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This source examines 'exchange cycles' among the Mountain Orokaiva. An 'exchange cycle' as defined within includes three pairs of elements: (a) the basic elements placed in opposition; (b) the objects of exchange entering the transaction on each side; (c) the mediating objects or acts that may be interposed as a prestation move from one exchange partner to the other. Models of exchange cycles, which the author develops 'on the basis of his understanding of indigenous thought patterns,' are then used in an attempt to explain various social institutions among the Orokaiva.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 5

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. oj23-005

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 228-235) and index

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1966-1967

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnographer-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. David Sherwood ; 1984

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). late nineteenth century-1967

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mountain Orokaiva (Villages of Inonda, Hohorita and Sivepe), Popondetta Sub-District, Northern District, Papua New Guinea

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Orokaiva (Papua New Guinea people)


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