Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Schwimmer, Eric G., 1923-
Exchange in the social structure of the Orokaiva: traditional
and emergent ideologies in the northern district of Papua
Published By: Original publisher
London: C. Hurst. 1973. ix, 244 p. ill.
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
by Erik Schwimmer
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 2004. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
External trade (439);
Exchange transactions (437);
Acculturation and culture contact (177);
Gift giving (431);
Interpersonal relations (570);
Inter-community relations (628);
Settlement patterns (361);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This source examines 'exchange cycles' among the Mountain
Orokaiva. An 'exchange cycle' as defined within includes three pairs of elements: (a) the
basic elements placed in opposition; (b) the objects of exchange entering the transaction
on each side; (c) the mediating objects or acts that may be interposed as a prestation move
from one exchange partner to the other. Models of exchange cycles, which the author
develops 'on the basis of his understanding of indigenous thought patterns,' are then used
in an attempt to explain various social institutions among the Orokaiva.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Includes bibliographical references (p. 228-235) and
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
David Sherwood ; 1984
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
late nineteenth century-1967
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Mountain Orokaiva (Villages of Inonda,
Hohorita and Sivepe), Popondetta Sub-District, Northern District, Papua New Guinea
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Orokaiva (Papua New Guinea people)