Benedict Sandin, 1918-. Iban adat and augury

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part 1 Iban Adat Law And Custom

1 Iban Customary Law

Begau Enggau Panggil (alarm And Call)





Building A Longhouse

Land And Agriculture

Adat Concerned With Hunting, Fishing, Fruit And Honey Collection

A. Nyarin (trapping The Sambur Deer With Jarin Rattan Nets)

B. Ngasu (hunting Expedition) With Dogs, Knives And Spears

C. Madal (trapping Wildboar With Badal Net)

D. Nimbak Jelu (hunting With A Shotgun)

E. Nyala Ikan (communal Fishing With Nets)

F. Napang (collecting Honey From A Bee Tree)

G. Nubai (tubai Fishing)

Fines For Disturbances Crea Ted During Non-agricultural Festiv Als

General Fines

2 Adat Related To Marriage, Incest And Adultery With In-laws

Incest And Adultery

Adat Tebalu -- Widow/widower Fees

Adultery With In-laws

3 Adat Related To Death And Mourning

Adat Mati Enggau Rabat (death Rites And Night Vigil)

Ngetas Ulit (formal Closing Of The Mourning Period)

Besarara Bunga (severing The Flowers)

4 Religious Festivals

Gawai Batu (whetstone Festival)

Gawai Umai (farming Festival)

Gawai Antu (festival For The Spirits Of The Dead)

5 The Order Of Life In The Longhouse

Beranak (childbirth)

Engkadah Hari Enggau Ngetup Garam (look Up To The Sky And Bite A Piece Of Salt)

Ngaga Nama Anak (naming The Child)

Meri Anak Mandi (bathing Ceremony)

Ngua Anak (lullaby Singing)

Minching Labu (drawing Water With Gourds)

Angkat Bujang Enggau Angkat Dara (approaching Bachelorhood And Maidenhood)


Weaving, Trading Voyages And War Expeditions

Basa Rama (general Respect)

Penyiru Anak Lelaki (young Man's Attention)

Belaki Bebini (marriage)

A. Hari Melah Pinang (wedding Day)

B. Nyundang Pinang (first Visit After The Wedding)

C. Sarak (divorce)

Gawai Biru-iru (ceremony For The Adoption Of A Child)

Lalau Pendiau (general Etiquette)

Pagi Enggau Belayar (trading Ventures And Sailing Overseas)

Tuai Serang Enggau Tau Kayau (war Leaders)

Prembian (friendship Names)

Betembang (manumission Of Slaves)

6 Weaving, Traditional Pastimes, Dance And Music

Betenun (weaving Of Blankets)

Main Asal (traditional Games)

Ajat Enggau Gendang (dances And Music)

Bekelingai (tattooing)

Ngukir (design And Carving)

Part 2 Iban Augury

7 The Mythological Origins Of Augury

The Family Of Singal Ang Burong

Dara Tinchin Temaga Marries Menggin

Menggin And Sera Gunting In Singalang Burong's House

Menggin And Sera Gunting Return Home

Sera Gunting's Visit To Singalang's House

Burong Rama, Omens That Guide Everyday Conduct. 13

8 Interpretation Of The Calls And Flight Of The Augural Birds

Jaloh -- Ketupong (rufouspiculet)

Beragai (scarlet-rumped Trogon)

Pangkas Or Kutok (maroon Woodpecker)

Embuas (banded Kingfisher)

Bejampong (crested Jay)

Kelabu Papau Nyanabong (diards Trogon)

Nendak (white-rumped Shama)

Raup Enggau Pimpin (left To Right Or Right To Left; Direction Of Flight Of The Omen Birds)

9 The Omens Of Simpulang Gana

Auguries Of Simpulang Gana

The Omens Observed During A War Expedition

Burong Laba (the Stroke Of Luck)

Minor Omens

10 Strengthening And Neutralizing Omens

The Tuai Burong

Orang Tau Makai Burong Or Dukun Burong

Ngajong Laba (animals Which Send A Stroke Of Luck)

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Iban adat and augury

Published By: Original publisher [George Town] Penang: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia for School of Comparative Social Sciences. 1980. xlv, 151 p., 7 p. of plates ill.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Benedict Sandin ; introduction by Clifford Sather

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Iban (OC06)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Cereal agriculture (243); Status, role, and prestige (554); Household (592); Community structure (621); Community heads (622); Informal in-group justice (627); Inter-community relations (628); Legal norms (671); Sanctions (681); Mourning (765); Cult of the dead (769); Mythology (773); Spirits and gods (776); Revelation and divination (787);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document This work is divided into two major parts. In the first part of this study the author describes the main elements of traditional Iban ADAT (customary law) as they apply to individuals in their relationship to others, to marriage and family life, economic undertakings, major life crises, and important ritual and ceremonial occasions (p. ix). The second part of this document deals with the more restricted practices of augury or the interpretation of various types of omens, especially in regard to birds and other animals. This section presents long lists of omens and their interpretation by the Ibans. In addition to the two main themes of this work other aspects of Iban ethnology are discussed -- death and mourning, life cycle events (e.g., birth, socialization processes, puberty, etc.), weaving, traditional pastimes, and dance and music.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 29

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. oc06-029

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Bibliography: p. 149-151

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document '…much of my lifetime…' p. ix

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Indigene, Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. John Beierle

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). not specified

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Saribas, Sarawak, Malaysia

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Ibans (Bornean people)


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