Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.
Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records
Iban agriculture: a report on the shifting cultivation of hill
rice by the Iban of Sarawak
Published By: Original publisher
London, England: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1955.
xii, 148 p., plates ill., maps
By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication
J. Derek Freeman
HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.:
Human Relations Area Files, 1995. Computer File
Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis.
Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF
Cereal agriculture (243);
Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document
This is a report on the shifting cultivation of hill rice,
a form of primitive agriculture found throughout monsoon Asia. Freeman conducted his field
work among the Iban communities in Baleh, a pioneering area located at one of the upper
tributaries of the Rejang River. Freeman describes Iban community and family structure,
settlement pattern, the land tenure system, and the migratory movements of the people.
Freeman's description of agricultural practices includes forest clearing, sowing, weeding,
harvesting, transportation, and storage of grains. Other aspects of Iban culture discussed
are religion, folk knowledge, diet, tools and implements, trade, travels, and social
values. Freeman has also made an analysis of the economics of shifting cultivation and the
relationship between agricultural technique and land resources. The final chapter is a
discussion of the proper population-land balance and suggestions for the colonial
government for effecting stability in the native economy.
Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents
Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits.
Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs.
Language: Language that the document is written in
Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document
Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data
Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection.
Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date).
Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site)
Baleh, Sarawak, Malaysia
LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Ibans (Bornean people)