Lewis, Oscar, 1914-1970. Life in a Mexican village: Tepoztlán restudied

Table of Contents

Publication Information

Part I: The Village And Its Institutions

The Setting: 1

Physical Environment

The Village

The Barrios


Size And Growth

Sex And Age Distribution

Birth And Mortality Rates

Language And Literacy

Means Of Communication

The Village And The World Outside: 2

Cultural Factors

The School

Student Scholarships

Cultural Missions

Books And Newspapers

Literacy Campaign

National And State Holidays


Administrative Factors


Health Services

Agricultural Services

National Defense

Justice And The Departamento De Gobernación

Religious Factors

Political Factors

Economic Factors

The Village And The Municipio

Status Distinctions And Family Organization: 3

Factors In Status

Sex And Age




Labor Relations




The Family

The Family And The House Site

The Family As An Economic Unit


Economics: General Aspect And Historical Background: 4

Pre-conquest And Spanish-colonial Economy

Tepoztecan Economy During The Diaz Regime

Division Of Labor: 5

By Sex

By Age

By Season

By Occupation

Collective Labor

Wage Labor

Land Tenure: 6

Communal Lands

Private Holdings

Distribution Of Private Holdings

Size Of Private Holdings

Ejido Holdings

Distribution Of Ejido Holdings

Size Of Ejido Holdings

Private And Ejido Holdings

Rental Of Land

Land Values

The Land Problem

Agricultural Systems: 7

Plow Culture

Work Cycle And Production Techniques


Production Time And Cost

Hoe Culture

Number Of Tlacololeros

Size Of Clearings

Tools Of Production

Work Cycle And Production Techniques


Production Time And Cost

Plow And Hoe Culture Compared

Local Industry And Trade: 8



Ciruelas—hog Plums


Circulation And Distribution Of Goods

Credit, Loans, And Interest

Wealth Differences And Levels Of Living: 9

Housing And House Furnishings




Family Budgets


Basic Household Necessities

House Upkeep, Repair, And Tax




Religion And Fiestas




Spending Patterns

Local Government And Politics: 10

Local Government

Political History

Administration Of 1935–36

Administration Of 1939–40

Administration Of 1941–42

Administration Of 1943–44

Administration Of 1945–46


Religion: 11

The Colonial Period

The Epoch Of Independence To The Fall Of The Díaz Regime

The Revolution

Organization Of The Church Today

Church Finances

Baptisms, Marriages, And Funerals

General Masses


Other Sources

Church Expenses

The Annual Cycle Of Religious Fiestas

Religious Practices And Beliefs

Part 2: The People

The Quality Of Inter-personal Relations: 12

The People As Seen From Their Rorschach Tests: 13

Conditions Of Testing And Subjects Chosen

Subjects Chosen

Results: The Group As A Whole

Results Compared With Those Of Other Investigators

Inter-group Comparisons


Inter-personal Relations Within The Family: 14

Husbands And Wives

Parents And Children


Cousins, Uncles, Aunts, And Other Relatives


Godparents, Godchildren, And Co-parents

Pregnancy And Birth: 15



Postnatal Care

Comparison With Other Mexican Communities

Infancy And Early Childhood: 16


Early Childhood

Children Of School Age: 17

Adolescence, Courtship, And Marriage: 18


The Adolescent Girl

The Adolescent Boy



In The Church

By Free Union

Old Age And Death: 19

General Observations On The Life Cycle: 20

Observations On The Culture-personality Problem

Private And Public Personality

Summary And Conclusions: 21

Comparison With Redifield's Findings

Implications Of Our Differences

Critique Of Redfield's Concept Of Folk-urban Continuum

Culture Change In Tepoztlán

From The Conquest To 1910

From 1810 To 1910

From 1910 To 1920

From 1920 To 1930

From 1930 To 1945

Patterns Of Change

Implications Of Change

Publication Information

Paragraph Subjects (OCM)

Publication Information The main body of the Publication Information page contains all the metadata that HRAF holds for that document.

Author: Author's name as listed in Library of Congress records

Title: Life in a Mexican village: Tepoztlán restudied

Published By: Original publisher Urbana: University of Illinois Press. 1951. xxviii, 512 p.

By line: Author's name as appearing in the actual publication Oscar Lewis ; with drawings by Alberto Beltrán

HRAF Publication Information: New Haven, Conn.: Human Relations Area Files, 2010. Computer File

Culture: Culture name from the Outline of World Cultures (OWC) with the alphanumberic OWC identifier in parenthesis. Nahua (NU46)

Subjects: Document-level OCM identifiers given by the anthropology subject indexers at HRAF Community structure (621); Tillage (241); Real property (423); Accumulation of wealth (556); Puberty and initiation (881); Political movements (668); Inter-community relations (628); Household (592); Family relationships (593); Status, role, and prestige (554); Production and supply (433); Local officials (624); General character of religion (771); Congregations (794); Ingroup antagonisms (578); Sociocultural trends (178);

Abstract: Brief abstract written by HRAF anthropologists who have done the subject indexing for the document As the subtitle indicates, this work reports the results of a restudy of the same community introduced by Redfield (see document No. 1, this collection). The author, as principal investigator, had the aid and cooperation of a team of graduate anthropology students, agronomists, doctors, psychological testers, and government officials. He and his associates spent a total of about one year in the community, at intervals between 1943 and 1948. This study consciously builds on and complements that of Redfield, emphasizing those aspects of the culture not thoroughly explored in the earlier study: land problems, agriculture, wealth, politics, life cycle and interpersonal relations. The 20-year period between studies brought changes in the community, field techniques, research interests, and the opportunities to build on a predecessor's work; the author recognizes these changes in analyzing Redfield's work and that of his own team. This is a very thorough presentation supported by much historical, statistical and psychological data.

Document Number: HRAF's in-house numbering system derived from the processing order of documents 2

Document ID: HRAF's unique document identifier. The first part is the OWC identifier and the second part is the document number in three digits. nu46-002

Document Type: May include journal articles, essays, collections of essays, monographs or chapters/parts of monographs. Monograph

Language: Language that the document is written in English

Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 495-501)

Field Date: The date the researcher conducted the fieldwork or archival research that produced the document 1943-1948

Evaluation: In this alphanumeric code, the first part designates the type of person writing the document, e.g. Ethnographer, Missionary, Archaeologist, Folklorist, Linguist, Indigene, and so on. The second part is a ranking done by HRAF anthropologists based on the strength of the source material on a scale of 1 to 5, as follows: 1 - poor; 2 - fair; 3 - good, useful data, but not uniformly excellent; 4 - excellent secondary data; 5 - excellent primary data Ethnologist-5

Analyst: The HRAF anthropologist who subject indexed the document and prepared other materials for the eHRAF culture/tradition collection. George R. Bedell ; 1964-1965 ; Teferi Abate Adem; 2008

Coverage Date: The date or dates that the information in the document pertains to (often not the same as the field date). 1943-1948

Coverage Place: Location of the research culture or tradition (often a smaller unit such as a band, community, or archaeological site) Mexico

LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings Nahuas--Social life and customs/ Ethnology--Mexico/ Tepoztlán, Mexico/Mexico--Social life and customs


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